(Phys.org) —A recent study paid for by the European Commission, and conducted and published by (the non-peer reviewed site) Science-Metrix, has found that more than half (approximately 55 percent) of peer-reviewed research articles that were originally published between the years 2007-2012 can now be accessed free of charge somewhere on the Internet—a marked increase over last year when papers from just one year reached that mark, Nature blog has reported. Researchers with the study also found that approximately 13 percent of peer-reviewed research papers were published directly to open access sites in 2012. Papers first published behind paywalls make their way to open access sites only after a certain time delay, usually, the researchers report, due to authors archiving their papers themselves. More information: Report: science-metrix.com/en/publicat … ewed-journals-at-thevia Nature blog © 2014 Phys.org Citation: Study shows more than half of peer-reviewed research articles published during 2007-2012 are now open access (2014, October 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-10-peer-reviewed-articles-published-access.html Study group claims free access to research papers has reached a ‘tipping point’ Explore further The study was conducted as part of what is being called “open access” week, where proponents of open access use various methods to urge authors to go the open-access route. One such venture was the “Open Access Button” where users could press a button on a website to find open access papers on a topic of their choice. The idea, such proponents suggest, is to open a dialogue between authors and those who would like access to their papers without having to pay for them.The research team used special software to scrape the Internet looking for published research papers as listed by the Scopus database for the period 1996-2013. Science-Metrix officials note that the numbers are of course estimates, as their software can’t possibly find every instance of a paper. They believe the software misses approximately 5 to 6 percent of papers available. Advocates of open access suggest the numbers found by the researchers don’t mean much as the majority of articles originally published behind paywalls typically undergo a one to two year delay before being carried to open access sites—a lag that can prove important in fast changing fields.The researchers also found that open access publication tended to vary by both region and subject area—Brazil and the Netherlands, for example both had very high rates of initial open access publication—76 and 74 percent respectively and biomedical papers were shared on average, freely, far more often than chemistry papers—71 and 39 percent respectively. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Kolkata: If you are planning to celebrate Poila Baisakh without having to queue outside Bengali eateries, then here is your opportunity. You can savour some mouth-watering exotic dishes right at your home with Haringhata Meat tieing up with an online shopping portal making a foray into the online sale of exotic meat from Poila Baisakh – Bengali New Year’s Day.”So far our sales were confined only to the boundaries of offline marketing i.e, through numerous Haringhata outlets spread across the state. In the era of globalization, when internet has taken over a major part of our living, we decided to tie up with a leading online portal to venture into the field of online marketing. We are hopeful of a positive feedback from consumers,” said Gouri Shankar Koner, Managing Director of West Bengal Livestock Development Corporation that sells its products under the brand name Haringhata Meat. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe newest venture of Haringhata will make a wide medley of tropical meat like Lean Pork, Fresh Pork, Dressed Pekin Duck, Dressed Turkey meat, Dressed Quail, lamb meat etc. available on the official website of the online shopping portal. To avail the freshest fish or meat directly from the market, a person has to place the order one day prior to the delivery by 9 pm and on the next day within two hours of procurement from the market, his/ her order will be delivered. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedExotic meat consumption is on a high and has become one of the growing markets in India. The demand for fresh meat and the lack of quality options in the traditional offline market have driven the online meat selling amongst the target customer base. The consumption of exotic meat has broken through the glass ceiling of religious firewalls and personal squeamishness in an age when 20 million Indians are travelling overseas and are spending heavily on food. It may be mentioned that the online shopping portal has been already making it big in the market of online supply of fresh fish, meat and varied items of daily needs. So, instead of burning yourself out at outdoor restaurants in this hot summer, you can just place an order online to add variety to your Poila Baisakh celebrations with delicious cuisine right at your home.
Kolkata: The body of a youth, who was missing for the past two days, was found in river Hooghly on Wednesday. The victim’s family members identified the body on Thursday.Police said the victim, Sourav Bakuli, was a resident of Salua area near the Kolkata Airport and was the owner of a sweet shop.Investigating officers came to know from his family members that he was to get married on Tuesday and he went missing on Monday afternoon after.His family members told the police that he had left home saying that he was going to an astrologer. The astrologer had asked him to meet at Chinar Park. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsBut he didn’t return home after that. It was around two hours he had left his home, the astrologer went to his house and enquired that why he didn’t meet him at Chinar Park.The victim’s family members searched him at all possible places but they couldn’t find him anywhere. The family members had lodged a complaint and the police also initiated a search for Sourav.It was on Wednesday night, the policemen of North Port Police Station under Kolkata Police came to know that a body was found near Baghbazar canal.The body was fished out and on Thursday, the victim’s family members were asked to identify it. The victim’s family members confirmed to the police that it was Sourav’s body.The family members alleged that there is a foul play behind the incident. Police initiated a probe in this connection and questioned the astrologer.
An official says four soldiers were killed in Kashmir after their vehicle was buried in an avalanche in the Himalayan region. District official Swagat Biswas says army troops have recovered the bodies of three soldiers killed in the avalanche that struck Chang La village in Leh district late on Friday. He said rescue workers were digging through snow drifts on Saturday to find the body of a fourth soldier, also feared killed in the avalanche. No other details were immediately available. Leh is about 435 kilometers (270 miles) east of Srinagar, the main city in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
Ingredients :Yellow Dal (Arhar)- 75 gmsTurmeric-05 gmsGarlic-05 gmsOnion-15 gmsMustard Seeds-03 gmsCumin Seeds-03 gmsCoconut Oil-05 gmsCurry Leaves-10 gmsSalt- To TasteCoconut Paste-20gmsDry Red Chilli Whole-05 gmsPetha- 15 gmsMethod :Boil Dal, adding turmeric powder and saltAdd garlic whole, white petha (dice)Simmer till doneFor tempering, put oil in the pan followed by mustard and cumin seeds, curry leaves, dry red chilliNow add sliced onion, stir till onion turns dark pink Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Pour the tempering on the dal, adding coconut paste and lemon juiceGarnish with Curry LeavesIngredients:Lady Finger- 200 gmCoconut milk- 100mlFenugreek and Curry seeds- 01 gmCoriander Powder- 05 gmsTurmeric Powder- 05 gmsRed Chili- 05 gmsSalt- To TasteLemon Juice- 03 mlCoriander- 05 gmsCoconut Oil- 05 gmsShallot Slice (Baby onions)- 15 gmsMethod:Pour oil into the wokAdd fenugreek seeds, curry leaves followed by sliced shallot and chilliStir for 3-4 minutes till onion turns pinkAdd turmeric powder, coriander powder and then lady fingerStir for a while and then add coconut milk and saltSimmer till lady finger is cookedGarnish with fresh coriander sprig
Prime Minister Narendra Modi is all set to undertake yet another but by now familiar string of three-nation tour starting with China on May 14 that takes him to Mongolia and South Korea before he heads home to be in time for the celebration of his first year in office.Though Modi seldom likes to be compared with India’s first and most popular Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who etched his name in the global arena by fostering India’s sui generis foreign policy of non-alignment, the indisputable fact is that Modi takes the task of swaying external powers seriously by his own brand of diplomacy. Also Read – Syrian army suspends ‘Aleppo fighting’In an increasingly integrated international political economy, no nation can afford to remain isolated or is found tethered to one set of big power bloc to the dismay of equally powerful blocs. After wooing the United States, Australia and European nations, not to speak of most of the neighbouring South Asian and Indian Ocean countries, Modi is now riveting his gaze on the Middle Kingdom, to be followed by two state visits to Moscow before the end of this year! In his eclectic quest to cultivate new allies and strengthen extant ones with panache, Modi would find China a different power that has visibly but unobtrusively taken centre-stage in the comity of nations in recent years by its sheer economic heft, military clout and spreading its massive chest of foreign reserves to invest in disparate countries in Africa, South America and in Europe and in the rest of Asia, not to speak of its growing economic engagement with the United States, Russia and Japan, despite frayed relations of the past. Also Read – Alarming seismic activityA little known fact, according to China Daily, is that the trade volume between China and Russia hit $95.2 billion in 2014, well-nigh touching the $100 billion goal set for 2015 by Chinese and Russian leaders in 2011. China’s economy has crossed the $10 trillion threshold and is ranked second in the world, after the United States. No doubt, the double-digit economic expansion the Middle Kingdom had been clocking ever since Deng Xiaoping unleashed the entrepreneurial forces economy in a clever bid of guided market economy policy with maintaining the façade of state control, the results had been the envy of every country that aspires to be in the giddy growth path. But this cannot be continued for ever as the consequences of high growth had become unmanageable in terms of reckless consumption and cognate pollution that exacted human cost in terms of health-related problems. That is the reason why the Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang’s work plan for 2015, unveiled at the National People’s Congress in March, engineered the country’s gear shift to a “new normal” of seven per cent economic growth. Chinese scholars from the Fung Global Institute Messer Andrew Sheng and Xiao Geng contend that efforts to adjust to China’s new normal go beyond policies designed to sustain economic growth. They said reforms must aim to underpin inclusivity, advance environmental sustainability, promote innovation and boost competitiveness. This exact four-pronged approach is the bedrock on which the new normal paradigm for development of China is being built brick by brick without any crick or concussion to the ordinary denizen or the larger economy!With China heading a brand new $50 billion global financial institution, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), it is eyeing the enormous infrastructure opportunities across developing and emerging Asia to fund through this new institution. The triumph of this new-born infrastructure bank is a testament to the world’s craving for long-gestation and capital-intensive infra projects where there are not adequate lending institutions of global genre other than the traditional ones such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank or other regional development outfit.But the latter institutions invariably imposed programme-based project lending that cost the borrowing countries dear in terms of prohibitive compliance price and resistance from local people who were ousted by such projects such as in the case of the construction of huge dams.The popularity of the AIIB, meticulously brought to being by Beijing, is seen in the fact that by mid-April a total of 57 countries were approved as founding members. Given the fact that the global economy is moving at a glacial clip with recovery remaining wobbly or rickety in most of the rich world and there is an unmet and unconscionable demand for infrastructure investment in Asia in general and India in particular, wisdom lies in New Delhi cuddling itself closely with the dragon to ensure better connectivity and enhanced self-development capability, leveraging the Middle Kingdom finances at a relatively cheaper cost.China has grandly proposed “Belt and Road” initiative that is likely to be a significant part of its economic and overseas development plans for years to come. This coupled with the Silk Road Fund for bolstering infrastructure construction and improving connectivity across the regions would help participating countries including India to benefit greatly if the bargaining parleys are held to mutual advantages. Beijing policy wonks have reassured the prospective beneficiaries of the AIIB that though China remains by far the largest fund provider for the Bank as also the “Belt and Road Initiative”, these projects have been and would be carried out in concert with other countries.Besides, China does not seek veto power in the projects, unlike the egregious examples set by multilateral lenders such as the ADB, the World Bank and the IMF. Writing in the China Daily, a researcher in international strategies at the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Beijing, Zhao Lei argued that “the AIIB and ‘the Belt and Road Initiative’ are new manifestation of a community of shared interests. Since the two China-led projects are opposed to hegemony and privileges, they should help establish fairness as the supreme value in Asia and beyond”. If the set values are more than the paper on which they are written and are scrupulously treasured and revered by the Chinese leadership, participating countries will have comfort enough to cozy up to the schemes to embrace them for implementation to tone up their connectivity and infrastructure development before long.As Modi meets his counterpart and also the President Xi during his sojourn in the three cities in China, he would have first-hand experience of how the Chinese leadership and the people of China will really warm up to him so that all the stakeholders for a sustainable bilateral relationship can bury the hatchet and herald a halcyon phase across a broad swathe of traditional and frontier areas for mutual gains over the long haul, policy wonks say.
BALURGHAT: In order to tighten security measures to stop cattle smuggling from South Dinajpur, the concerned district administration has decided to stop selling of cattle in three markets close to Bangladesh border.Sources informed that the three cattle markets are located at two blocks — Balurghat and Kumarganj. Recently, the Centre has also directed the state to stop selling to the markets, which are on or around 8 km from theBangladesh border. The owners of those markets have already received individual order copy to stop cattle sellingimmediately.Sub-divisional magistrate Balurghat, Isha Mukherjee said the direction regarding the matter has been sent to the owners and asked them to follow the norms strictly to avoid any legal procedure.