ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/519337/ad-classics-wohnhaus-schlesisches-tor-bonjour-tristesse-alvaro-siza-vieira-peter-brinkert Clipboard ArchDaily Projects 1984 Save this picture!© via Wikipedia CommonsWritten by Denim Pascucci Share Year: CopyBonjour Tristesse is a social housing project designed by Portuguese Architect Álvaro Siza Vieira. Located in Berlin, the project was Siza’s first built work outside of his native country. Siza’s design offers a meaningful precedent in urban densification, demonstrating a delicate balance between contextual awareness, creative freedom, and progressive vision.+ 9Commissioned in 1980, Bonjour Tristesse was one of the many projects designed for the International Building Exhibition Berlin of 1987. Architects such as Peter Eisenman, Aldo Rossi, James Sterling, and Álvaro Siza were invited to contribute to the rebuilding of a post-war Berlin. The projects for the exhibition were to be designed with a focus on gentle urban renewal and critical reconstruction.Siza’s housing project is situated in the Kreuzberg district, at the corner of a 19th century block. As the original corner building was destroyed in the war, a large void was left between the buildings on each side. Following the war, a series of single-story retail stores was constructed, however this solution did not match the heights of the surrounding buildings and did not provide any residences which were badly needed. In 1980 the retail stores were demolished in order to make way for the new Bonjour Tristesse.Save this picture!Project site before construction. Image © Flickr user Hen’s MarchRecommended ProductsWood Boards / HPL PanelsLamitechLamitech high pressure plastic laminatePorcelain StonewareGrespaniaPorcelain Tiles – 20MMStonesCosentinoSilestone and Dekton in Hipotels, MallorcaThe seven-story structure strongly exhibits the contextual nature of Siza’s work, which is well-known for its sensitivity to surroundings. The most prominent characteristic of the design is its continuous, curving façade that joins the adjacent buildings and effectively completes the corner of the block. This sculptural gesture is echoed at the rear of the building as well by a small concave curve. Another feature of its morphology is the subtle rising of the roofline towards the corner. The grey exterior is penetrated by a dense and regular grid of windows, reflecting the typical order and rhythm of surrounding buildings.Save this picture!Typical Floor PlanSave this picture!ElevationIn context, the Bonjour Tristesse social housing project appears visually intriguing and contradictory. While the rigid window pattern is meant to blend in with its surroundings, the curvilinear form is intended to be a reference to German Expressionism, and thus contrasts with its surroundings. It is this juxtaposition that provides the structure with an extremely unique appearance. A mixed-use building, Bonjour Tristesse houses commercial functions at ground level and residential on the six floors above. An early design proposal included 24 units and 4 stairs, however, this was revised to 46 units and 2 stairs in order to better meet the urgent need for housing in Kreuzberg. The project became known as Bonjour Tristesse (“hello sadness”in French) for the graffiti marking that appeared on the uppermost portion of the facade in the late 1980s. Siza, who is not particularly fond of graffiti, had originally wanted it removed but decided to leave it after he realized that painting over the select area would make it more prominent and that painting the entire façade was not financially possible. Save this picture!© Flickr user jaime.silvaBuilt during a time when the regeneration of Berlin was necessary, Bonjour Tristesse serves as a subtle yet striking contribution to the city’s post-war identity. The social housing project in Berlin, being his first project outside of Portugal, increased his international recognition and led to an increase of global projects. Siza, who is well-known for his ability to integrate projects in an urban context, later won the 1992 Pritzker Prize.Save this picture!SketchSources: Leoni, G. Álvaro Vieira (Milan: Motta, 2009). Winant, P. Street Art: Facades – Moving with the Times (Worms, Germany: Renolit SE).
By Jim MidcapUniversity of GeorgiaIf your landscape plants look wilted day after day and all thosestressed plants are taking your extra time and water, maybe it’stime to redo parts of your landscape.All plants require water to survive. With higher temperatures,plants use even more water. But some are highly efficient inusing water. Others develop extensive root systems to withdrawextra moisture during droughts.Many plants can provide shade, foliage, flowers, fall color andfragrance to the landscape even in the heat of summer. Byselecting the proper plants, preparing the site well and gettingplants well established, you can enjoy your landscape with lessirrigation and care.First, select the right plants. This means plants adapted to yoursite as well as being heat- and drought-tolerant.Do you have full sun, partial sun, partial shade or deep shade?Is your soil sandy and well-drained? Is it a heavy clay thatstays wet after rain and hard as a brick during droughts?Good choicesTough shade trees that resist heat and drought include the willowoak, lacebark elm and Chinese pistache. The willow oak has a nicepyramidal shape, small leaves and small acorns. The lacebark elmhas small, dark green leaves and sheds its bark in small flakes.The Chinese pistache has outstanding orange-red fall color andvery few pests.Small trees adapted to our heat zone include the trident maple,crape myrtle and the Chinese fringe tree. The trident maple hasgreat fall color and shedding bark. Crape myrtles bloom allsummer long. And the Chinese fringe tree is covered with whiteflowers in late spring and dark green foliage all summer.The dwarf yaupon holly, dwarf Burford holly and dwarf nandina areall heat-tolerant, dwarf evergreen shrubs. All are adapted to sunor partial shade. The dwarf yaupon tolerates wet or dry sites.The dwarf Burford has dark, glossy green leaves. Dwarf nandinasusually get red-orange fall color.The rose-of-Sharon, butterfly bush and shrub rose can add coloras well as heat tolerance. Rose-of-Sharon is a heritage plantthat blooms in late summer and fall. Butterfly bushes bloom allsummer and attract many butterflies. And shrub roses providecolor and fragrance in spring, summer and fall.Good startNew plantings require special care to become well established andbe able to tolerate next year’s heat and drought. Planting inearly fall, when the soils are still warm, will enable plants tobecome better established by next summer.To get your plants off to their best start, don’t wait to beginpreparing the site properly. First, remove the existing,drought-stressed plants, tops, roots and all. Then rotary tillthe area as deep as you can, at least 8 to 10 inches, to break upany compacted soil.Incorporate composted organic matter and amendments into the bed.When the temperatures first begin to drop for the fall, plantyour newly purchased trees and shrubs.Mulch the bed and keep the new plantings watered. By the timenext year’s heat and dry spells arrive, your new landscape plantsshould be established well enough to make your summertime livingeasy.(Jim Midcap is a Cooperative Extension horticulturist with theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.)