By Andréa Barretto/Diálogo October 04, 2017 Brazil is the South American nation that has suffered the most cyberattacks in recent years. According to information from the Guide to Cyber Defense in South America, a book published on August 23rd by the Ministry of Defense, cybercrimes affect more than 20 million Brazilians a year and cost the Brazilian government a net total of $8 billion. The publication brings together public data from 12 South American nations, as well as French Guiana, on initiatives in the areas of cyberdefense and security. This work, never published before in the region, was done by a group of scholars with incentives from Brazil’s National Council on Scientific and Technological Development and the Brazilian Institute of Defense Studies, an organization in charge of collecting data, conducting research, and producing analyses that are used by the Brazilian Ministry of Defense in its decision-making process. “At universities, there has been increasing interest in this issue,” stated Marcos Aurelio Guedes de Oliveira, a professor in the Political Science graduate program at Pernambuco Federal University and one of the authors of the guide. According to Guedes, most of the attention directed at the issue is due to the increasing number of cyberattacks and other crimes, not only in the defense sector, but also in the civil sector. “Imagine that your email data is stolen. That’s already a problem for the individual. Now consider the proportions that are gained when it’s about data at a national level,” he alerted. Cooperation and reinforcement The guide makes a distinction between cybersecurity and cyberdefense. The former “concerns issues relating to public safety.” While the latter refers to “the act of protecting a nation’s critical information technology and communication systems. In addition, it includes cyber issues and matters that may affect a nation’s survival.” In South America, each nation deals with cyberdefense and security in its own way. In Brazil, as distinguished from Colombia for example, there is a security structure that is separate from defense. And while issues relating to cybersecurity are the responsibility of the President’s Institutional Security Cabinet, those concerned with cyberdefense fall within the military sphere, especially the Brazilian Army, through its Cyber Defense Command (ComDCiber, per its Portuguese acronym). Service members from all three branches of the armed forces lead ComDCiber’s activities, whose mission is planning, orienting, coordinating, and controlling operational, doctrinal, development, and training activities within the scope of the Military Cyber Defense System. ComDCiber’s structure includes a Cyber Defense Center (CDCiber, per its Portuguese acronym), a unit established in 2011 as one of the ways of meeting the guidance issued by the National Defense Strategy, which defines the cyber sector as being strategic for the nation, alongside the nuclear and space sectors. “Brazil is the South American country that has invested the most in cyberdefense,” asserted professor Guedes, who believes that the nations of the region need to join together. “Cooperation is necessary, and we need to regulate the sector. That will lead to a greater strengthening of these institutions in the face of problems related to the cyber sector. As far as that goes, Brazil can play quite an important role, because it has more experience,” he added. Capturing the flag Among the activities that ComDCiber carries out are competitions to train service members. On June 29th, one of these twice yearly events took place. “It’s a chance for them to get trained on putting the knowledge they’ve acquired into practice. The big difficulty in the cyber arena is putting what you’ve learned into practice. So when we have a competition like this, it’s an excellent opportunity to test out what we’ve learned,” explained Brazilian Army Lieutenant Colonel Marcelo Antônio Righi, of ComDCiber. Mandabyte, the Third Armed Forces Cyber Competition, had participation from 243 service members—147 from the Brazilian Army, 48 from the Brazilian Navy, and 48 from the Air Force—as well as six civilian professionals. The competitors were divided into 84 teams. All members got a user name and password that let them interface with the championship platform from their own computer. When the event began simultaneously for all groups dispersed throughout Brazil, 18 “capture the flag” challenges were launched. In that player mode, each team has to defend a system and invade the adversary’s system. The one who finishes hacking first and gets the target data is the winner. According to ComDCiber, the rules of the competition are simple, “and they are focused exclusively on performing the assigned tasks, with any cyber activity that might compromise the running of the competition being disallowed and subjecting the team to disqualification.” That is controlled by ComDCiber itself. After six hours of continuous play, the winner of the Third Armed Forces Cyber Competition was team ZeroByte, from the Brazilian Army’s 41st Telematics Center (41º CT, per its Portuguese acronym), headquartered in Belém, in the state of Pará. “Something that made this competition quite interesting was the fact that some challenges depended on others to be solved,” the 41º CT’s team stated. Taking first place represented progress for ZeroByte, which had only come in 10th and 6th, respectively, in the two previous editions of Mandabyte.
– Opposition, Govt clash over NICIL/SPU, Public Security Ministry allocationsAfter a week of crutiny from the parliamentary Opposition, the National Assembly on Friday approved the $300.7 billion Budget estimates. But the final day saw some fireworks as the Finance and Public Security Ministries were scrutinised.In the case of the Finance Ministry, the parliamentary Opposition was especially concerned about the finances of the National Industrial and Commercial Investments Limited’s (NICIL) Special Purpose Unit (SPU). “When we established the SPU, which is a temporary arrangement until they finalise the sale of the assets no longer under the purview of [Guyana Sugar Corporation] GuySuCo. And so technically to separate the activities of the general NICIL from the arrangement, we decided to fund that out of the Treasury,” Finance Minister Winston Jordan explained.“NICIL would not have been in a position, out of its cash flow, to fund the activities of the SPU. Taking into consideration some of the recommendations from the inquiry into NICIL, most of the funding that went there are now paid directly into the Treasury. So they do not command the kind of resources they commanded prior to 2015.”Queries from Opposition parliamentarian Juan Edghill revealed that Government has yet to begin repaying the interest on the $30 billion syndicated bond it borrowed for GuySuCo, much less the principle.However, the Finance Minister indicated that they have a deadline of May 2019 to begin repaying the bond. In light of this, the Minister insisted that they were not in default.“The bond total is $30 billion, but it has two tranches; $16 and $14 billion repsectively. Only the $16 billion has been drawn down. The interest on the bond is premised on the sale of the assets of GuySuCo.”“So it is my understanding that by (May) of next year, they should be in a position to start making some sales. They are supposed to have some land sales going. Already there has been tremendous interest for land based on tenders, but Cabinet is considering the mechanism that will trigger these sales,” he said.Public securityThe Public Security Ministry was also examined. Public Security Minister Khemraj Ramjattan was quizzed on various allocations and what the Administration is doing to ensure the prisons are kept secure.Asked point blank by his predecessor, Clement Rohee, whether he was satisfied with the current strength of systems in the prisons, Ramjattan made it clear he was not. Rohee asked what he was doing about it, in light of his dissatisfaction.Elaborating on his candid “No”, Ramjattan said Government has been restructuring the prison system, trying to incentivising ranks and trying to recruit officers who are up to the task of managing prisoners.Furthered questioned by MP Harry Gill, the Minister noted that they are procuring surveillance equipment and have also been getting better acquainted with the guards, all to cut down on smuggling. Ramjattan stressed, however, that families of prisoners must desist from bribing officers. He called for a change of the bribing culture in Guyana.Giving some insight into the new designs that will replace the razed Georgetown prisons, Ramjattan said the steel cells which will be built will be portable. Hence, he noted that if need be, these cells can be transported to different locations.Justifying the portable steel cell model, Ramjattan said at present they do not have an appropriately large location to construct a new prison that can be close enough to transport remand prisons to court in Georgetown. In the interim, however, he said the experts are in discussion with them for a suitable location for such a prison in Demerara.Budget 2019, themed ‘Transforming the Economy, Empowering People, Building Sustainable Communities for Good Life’ is the Administration’s fifth since coming to office in 2015. It is also the largest.
moving on Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ World Cup 2014 winner Mario Gotze has been backed as a good fit for Klopp’s Liverpool side The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star targets Latest talkSPORT.com exclusives and transfer headlines:LISTEN BACK: Vinnie Jones and Gazza Re:United for special talkSPORT show 30 years after that iconic photo‘Current Liverpool side will not win the Premier League, they’re not as good as the 2008 side I faced’, says David Moyes‘Paul Pogba is a team player’ – Didier Deschamps defends Manchester United midfielderJuventus monitoring progress of Manchester City starlet Leroy SaneTottenham’s hopes of signing Jack Grealish could finally be overBarcelona star Philippe Coutinho can make Reds another £27MILLION if three contract clauses are metChelsea boss Maurizio Sarri insists there was no Europa League hangover against West HamJose Mourinho hits out at attitude of Manchester United players after draw with Wolves Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Here’s a round-up of the latest news and rumours in Monday’s national newspapers and online… targets RANKED Could Liverpool sign Mario Gotze? The 26-year-old Borussia Dortmund star has been urged to join his former manager Jurgen Klopp at Anfield. (Sky Sports)Reds goalkeeper Loris Karius – who is on loan at Besiktas – says he is taking inspiration from former Germany goalkeeper Oliver Kahn after his Champions League final nightmare. (Bild)Newcastle United manager Rafael Benitez hopes club owner Mike Ashley “will be ready to do something to help” after watching the Magpies’ goalless draw against Crystal Palace. (Daily Telegraph)West Brom want to sign 20-year-old English forward Lewis Archer from Northern Premier League Hednesford Town, as they aim to discover the next non-league star. (Express & Star) LATEST 3 getty IN DEMAND Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer 3 Paul Pogba has again fuelled the reports he is unhappy at Manchester United by openly stating he wants the team to be allowed to play more attacking football. (Daily Mail)Chris Smalling is set to sign a new deal at Manchester United, with the 28-year-old defender have less than 12 months left to run on his current contract. (Daily Star)David Beckham has held preliminary talks with former Real Madrid manager and team-mate Zinedine Zidane about taking charge of his new MLS club Inter Miami – FULL STORYThe former England captain also wants to sign Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi once the franchise is up and running by 2020 – FULL STORY Pogba and Mourinho are apparently at odds at Old Trafford REVEALED 3 Transfer gossip on talkSPORT.com Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January LIVING THE DREAM