By Andréa Barretto/Diálogo October 04, 2017 Brazil is the South American nation that has suffered the most cyberattacks in recent years. According to information from the Guide to Cyber Defense in South America, a book published on August 23rd by the Ministry of Defense, cybercrimes affect more than 20 million Brazilians a year and cost the Brazilian government a net total of $8 billion. The publication brings together public data from 12 South American nations, as well as French Guiana, on initiatives in the areas of cyberdefense and security. This work, never published before in the region, was done by a group of scholars with incentives from Brazil’s National Council on Scientific and Technological Development and the Brazilian Institute of Defense Studies, an organization in charge of collecting data, conducting research, and producing analyses that are used by the Brazilian Ministry of Defense in its decision-making process. “At universities, there has been increasing interest in this issue,” stated Marcos Aurelio Guedes de Oliveira, a professor in the Political Science graduate program at Pernambuco Federal University and one of the authors of the guide. According to Guedes, most of the attention directed at the issue is due to the increasing number of cyberattacks and other crimes, not only in the defense sector, but also in the civil sector. “Imagine that your email data is stolen. That’s already a problem for the individual. Now consider the proportions that are gained when it’s about data at a national level,” he alerted. Cooperation and reinforcement The guide makes a distinction between cybersecurity and cyberdefense. The former “concerns issues relating to public safety.” While the latter refers to “the act of protecting a nation’s critical information technology and communication systems. In addition, it includes cyber issues and matters that may affect a nation’s survival.” In South America, each nation deals with cyberdefense and security in its own way. In Brazil, as distinguished from Colombia for example, there is a security structure that is separate from defense. And while issues relating to cybersecurity are the responsibility of the President’s Institutional Security Cabinet, those concerned with cyberdefense fall within the military sphere, especially the Brazilian Army, through its Cyber Defense Command (ComDCiber, per its Portuguese acronym). Service members from all three branches of the armed forces lead ComDCiber’s activities, whose mission is planning, orienting, coordinating, and controlling operational, doctrinal, development, and training activities within the scope of the Military Cyber Defense System. ComDCiber’s structure includes a Cyber Defense Center (CDCiber, per its Portuguese acronym), a unit established in 2011 as one of the ways of meeting the guidance issued by the National Defense Strategy, which defines the cyber sector as being strategic for the nation, alongside the nuclear and space sectors. “Brazil is the South American country that has invested the most in cyberdefense,” asserted professor Guedes, who believes that the nations of the region need to join together. “Cooperation is necessary, and we need to regulate the sector. That will lead to a greater strengthening of these institutions in the face of problems related to the cyber sector. As far as that goes, Brazil can play quite an important role, because it has more experience,” he added. Capturing the flag Among the activities that ComDCiber carries out are competitions to train service members. On June 29th, one of these twice yearly events took place. “It’s a chance for them to get trained on putting the knowledge they’ve acquired into practice. The big difficulty in the cyber arena is putting what you’ve learned into practice. So when we have a competition like this, it’s an excellent opportunity to test out what we’ve learned,” explained Brazilian Army Lieutenant Colonel Marcelo Antônio Righi, of ComDCiber. Mandabyte, the Third Armed Forces Cyber Competition, had participation from 243 service members—147 from the Brazilian Army, 48 from the Brazilian Navy, and 48 from the Air Force—as well as six civilian professionals. The competitors were divided into 84 teams. All members got a user name and password that let them interface with the championship platform from their own computer. When the event began simultaneously for all groups dispersed throughout Brazil, 18 “capture the flag” challenges were launched. In that player mode, each team has to defend a system and invade the adversary’s system. The one who finishes hacking first and gets the target data is the winner. According to ComDCiber, the rules of the competition are simple, “and they are focused exclusively on performing the assigned tasks, with any cyber activity that might compromise the running of the competition being disallowed and subjecting the team to disqualification.” That is controlled by ComDCiber itself. After six hours of continuous play, the winner of the Third Armed Forces Cyber Competition was team ZeroByte, from the Brazilian Army’s 41st Telematics Center (41º CT, per its Portuguese acronym), headquartered in Belém, in the state of Pará. “Something that made this competition quite interesting was the fact that some challenges depended on others to be solved,” the 41º CT’s team stated. Taking first place represented progress for ZeroByte, which had only come in 10th and 6th, respectively, in the two previous editions of Mandabyte.
Ex Black Stars player Augustine Arhinful says the Black Satellites players who excelled at this year’s World Youth tournament should not be rushed into the Black Stars team as suggested by some sports analyst.The Black Stars over the years has profited immensely from the progression of players from the junior teams.A recent example is when the team relied heavily on the 2009 U20 World Cup winning squad at the 2010 Nations Cup in Angola with many of them now commanding regular places in the current Black Stars squad.This year’s U20 tournament saw players such as Seidu Salifu, Ebenezer Assifuah and Clifford Aboagye who have been tipped to earn immediate places in the Black Stars team.But Augustine Arhinful thinks these players need more time to mature.“It is always good that after such a major tournament we penciled some players which we perceive to be potentials to play for the Black Stars but I think we should not rush them,” he told Joy sports “I have heard people compare the Adiyiah situation in 2009 to Ebenezer Assifuah so I will advice whoever the Black Stars coach see as a potential player in the future to be integrated into the Black Stars other than that they will go and play one match and if they are not successful the same people who are now calling for their inclusion will pull them down again.“We need to take time with these boys, they are potentials, they are growing up but we need to be very careful in how we push them into the Black Stars team.”
Action from tonight’s game. Pic Joe Boland/NorthWestNewsPixFINN Harps took maximum points at home to Galway United in a cagey affair tonight, Harps now have 3 wins from 3 as well as keeping 3 clean sheets along the way.A dull first half at Finn Park, were neither team could control the game or create any clear cut chances. On 34 minutes Scully got a half chance but failed to hit the target, as did Galway United’s striker Padraig Cunnigham 3 minutes later again failing to hit the target.It took until the 60th minute for the first shot to hit the target. The ball broke to Dave Scully who hit it on the half-volley but was easily gathered by Galway’s Conor Winn. The game opened up in the second half as both teams created some decent opportunites.Finn Harps broke the deadlock following build up play from McNamee and Scully, they worked the ball to Josh Mailey who then crossed with Sean Houston placing the ball into the corner of the net. 70 mins – Finn Harps 1-0 Galway UtdAlmost immediately after Harps taking the lead, the ball was laid back to Colm Horgan on the edge of Harps 18 yard box who struck well only to be denied by the base of Brush’s post.Galway pushed on for the elusive equiliser but the Finn Harps rearguard stood strong as it has on many occasions this year. A fantastic win for Finn Harps which see’s them leapfrog Sligo Rovers and Bohemians with 23 points. Harps are now 7th due to goal difference, level on points with St.Pats & Galway United. Next up for the Ollie’s men is a tricky away tie to Bray on Saturday the 16th of July. HARPS MAKE IT 3 FROM 3 AFTER DEFEATING GALWAY UTD was last modified: July 8th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:3 from 3Airtricity Leaguefinn harpsGalway Utd