Engineers and scientists collaborating at Harvard University and the MITRE Corp. have developed and demonstrated the world’s first programmable nanoprocessor.The groundbreaking prototype computer system, described in a paper appearing today (Feb. 9) in the journal Nature, represents a significant step forward in the complexity of computer circuits that can be assembled from synthesized nanometer-scale components.It also represents an advance because these ultra-tiny nanocircuits can be programmed electronically to perform a number of basic arithmetic and logical functions.“This work represents a quantum jump forward in the complexity and function of circuits built from the bottom up, and thus demonstrates that this bottom-up paradigm, which is distinct from the way commercial circuits are built today, can yield nanoprocessors and other integrated systems of the future,” says principal investigator Charles M. Lieber, who holds a joint appointment at Harvard’s Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.The work was enabled by advances in the design and synthesis of nanowire building blocks. These nanowire components now demonstrate the reproducibility needed to build functional electronic circuits, and also do so at a size and material complexity difficult to achieve by traditional top-down approaches.Moreover, the tiled architecture is fully scalable, allowing the assembly of much larger and ever more functional nanoprocessors.“For the past 10 to 15 years, researchers working with nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and other nanostructures have struggled to build all but the most basic circuits, in large part due to variations in properties of individual nanostructures,” says Lieber, the Mark Hyman Jr. Professor of Chemistry. “We have shown that this limitation can now be overcome and are excited about prospects of exploiting the bottom-up paradigm of biology in building future electronics.”An additional feature of the advance is that the circuits in the nanoprocessor operate using very little power, even allowing for their minuscule size, because their component nanowires contain transistor switches that are “nonvolatile.”This means that unlike transistors in conventional microcomputer circuits, once the nanowire transistors are programmed, they do not require any additional expenditure of electrical power for maintaining memory.“Because of their very small size and very low power requirements, these new nanoprocessor circuits are building blocks that can control and enable an entirely new class of much smaller, lighter-weight electronic sensors and consumer electronics,” says co-author Shamik Das, the lead engineer in MITRE’s Nanosystems Group.“This new nanoprocessor represents a major milestone toward realizing the vision of a nanocomputer that was first articulated more than 50 years ago by physicist Richard Feynman,” says James Ellenbogen, a chief scientist at MITRE.Co-authors on the paper included four members of Lieber’s lab at Harvard — Hao Yan, Ph.D. ’10, SungWoo Nam, Ph.D. ’10, Yongjie Hu, Ph.D. ’10 — and doctoral candidate Hwan Sung Choe, as well as collaborators at MITRE.The research team at MITRE comprised Das, Ellenbogen, and nanotechnology laboratory Director Jim Klemic. The MITRE Corp. is a not-for-profit company that provides systems engineering, research and development, and information technology support to the government. MITRE’s principal locations are in Bedford, Mass., and McLean, Va.The research was supported by a Department of Defense National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship, the NanoEnabled Technology Initiative, and the MITRE Innovation Program.
By Jim MidcapUniversity of GeorgiaIf your landscape plants look wilted day after day and all thosestressed plants are taking your extra time and water, maybe it’stime to redo parts of your landscape.All plants require water to survive. With higher temperatures,plants use even more water. But some are highly efficient inusing water. Others develop extensive root systems to withdrawextra moisture during droughts.Many plants can provide shade, foliage, flowers, fall color andfragrance to the landscape even in the heat of summer. Byselecting the proper plants, preparing the site well and gettingplants well established, you can enjoy your landscape with lessirrigation and care.First, select the right plants. This means plants adapted to yoursite as well as being heat- and drought-tolerant.Do you have full sun, partial sun, partial shade or deep shade?Is your soil sandy and well-drained? Is it a heavy clay thatstays wet after rain and hard as a brick during droughts?Good choicesTough shade trees that resist heat and drought include the willowoak, lacebark elm and Chinese pistache. The willow oak has a nicepyramidal shape, small leaves and small acorns. The lacebark elmhas small, dark green leaves and sheds its bark in small flakes.The Chinese pistache has outstanding orange-red fall color andvery few pests.Small trees adapted to our heat zone include the trident maple,crape myrtle and the Chinese fringe tree. The trident maple hasgreat fall color and shedding bark. Crape myrtles bloom allsummer long. And the Chinese fringe tree is covered with whiteflowers in late spring and dark green foliage all summer.The dwarf yaupon holly, dwarf Burford holly and dwarf nandina areall heat-tolerant, dwarf evergreen shrubs. All are adapted to sunor partial shade. The dwarf yaupon tolerates wet or dry sites.The dwarf Burford has dark, glossy green leaves. Dwarf nandinasusually get red-orange fall color.The rose-of-Sharon, butterfly bush and shrub rose can add coloras well as heat tolerance. Rose-of-Sharon is a heritage plantthat blooms in late summer and fall. Butterfly bushes bloom allsummer and attract many butterflies. And shrub roses providecolor and fragrance in spring, summer and fall.Good startNew plantings require special care to become well established andbe able to tolerate next year’s heat and drought. Planting inearly fall, when the soils are still warm, will enable plants tobecome better established by next summer.To get your plants off to their best start, don’t wait to beginpreparing the site properly. First, remove the existing,drought-stressed plants, tops, roots and all. Then rotary tillthe area as deep as you can, at least 8 to 10 inches, to break upany compacted soil.Incorporate composted organic matter and amendments into the bed.When the temperatures first begin to drop for the fall, plantyour newly purchased trees and shrubs.Mulch the bed and keep the new plantings watered. By the timenext year’s heat and dry spells arrive, your new landscape plantsshould be established well enough to make your summertime livingeasy.(Jim Midcap is a Cooperative Extension horticulturist with theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.)
If you don’t already know, at Blue Ridge Outdoors Magazine we have something called the RoadShow. This is where we pack up the sweet vinyl-wrapped BRO Subarus and go to really fun events and festivals across the Blue Ridge. Yes this place is torture to work for.This weekend was The Festy Experience on the grounds of Devils Backbone Brewery in Nelson County. I got to work the Blue Ridge booth for about two hours on Friday, and then was off the clock until Saturday morning. Party time, excellent!A few of my friends also happened to be festying and we all grabbed a few brews and found our ways to the stage. Trampled By Turtles, The Infamous Stringdusters, and more rocked out until midnight with foot stomping bluegrass tunes, to slow sing along jams. Despite beers being $6, I managed to get a good buzz going and was right at the front of the stage singing along with my friends. The way the stage is set up, and the amount of good people who attend, the Festy is a recipe for a great time.By the time my buddy and I set up our tent around 12:30am and got to bed, 7am came all too quickly. I had to help out with our annual Blue Ridge Burn trail run held on a great trail network close to the Festy grounds. We had almost 200 runners this year, and all proceeds were donated to the Southern Environmental Law Center. The run went off smoothly, no one got too lost, and the event was injury free. Success.The Festy Burn Experience from Summit Publishing on Vimeo.After working the BRO booth another hour or two, I hit the road and headed to Stokesville Campground for the Shenandoah Mountain Bike Festival. This event has been happening for over 15 years, and centers around two big trail work sessions and lots of great riding. The drive was beautiful and the roads seemed made for my trusty 1981 Toyota pickup. Yes that was a shameless plug for my awesome vehicle.The bike festival was a blast, and I got to catch up with a bunch of friends I had not seen in quite a while. After a delicious burrito group dinner the festivities began with mini bike slalom, dance parties, jumping kegs on bikes, and a big bonfire.The morning brought groggy heads, rain, and the cold. Luckily after a few hours of hydrating and cleanup the skies broke and we were able to get out for a 4-hour ride. We rode all of Narrowback Ridge, which is currently undergoing some amazing trail work by the Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Coalition and Trail Dynamics. After the ride I said my goodbyes, hit the road, and came home to a big plate of lasagna. My girlfriend is a keeper.Hundreds of good people, two amazing festivals, one unforgettable weekend.
“If I start pointing my paddle frantically in one direction it means paddle that way fast,” instructed Ben Moore, our SUP guide, as we stood on the banks of the James River.A crew from Appomattox River Company had rolled into Richmond, last Thursday, for a little whitewater paddle-boarding with Ben Moore and Mitch Davis of Riverside Outfitters. Ben, a BIC SUP and Werner Paddle Pro, had been after me for a while to get on the James River with him and experience the SUP life in downtown Richmond. I’d gotten home the day before from a two week road trip, fishing from Louisiana to Tennessee. I was a little whupped, but the prospect of paddle-boarding with the guys from work got me psyched.Eleven of us met at Riverside Outfitters around 12pm. RO has a cool little outdoor recreation compound in Richmond from which they stage rafting, climbing, biking, kayaking, paddle boarding, etc trips throughout the area. Ben and Mitch informed us we’d paddle the Wetlands to Reedy Creek section. It’s got some very friendly Class I and II rapids that are perfect for the first time whitewater paddle-boarder. After a short bus ride and a concise, informative safety talk from Ben, we found ourselves standing on some Jackson Kayak SuperCharger SUPs in the middle of the James River. Fall colors were in effect.On the water we got comfortable on our boards, playing paddle board chicken and a few other games geared towards acclimating us to our water legs. The first stop was a little ripple above the Powhite Bridge. I tried to surf it and ended up in the drink. I was all smiles though.“This is just good clean fun!” I found myself exclaiming, over and over to anyone that would listen.The water is cool right now, so it’s important to layer up in proper clothing. My Immersion Research paddling jacket was on point. I was also psyched I got to test out my Astral Hiyak Shoes/ Booties, which look a lot like the old Air Jordan’s of my youth.After the surf session, we headed down river towards Choo-Choo Rapids. Choo-Choo would be our first real test. A solid Class 2 with some decent water running through it, we were all determined to stay on our feet through the whole thing. Ben and Mitch deftly navigated the James River on their BIC SUP boards, showing us the lines and making sure we stayed safe. After a brief snack, and talk / scouting of the rapid, we boarded up and headed into the whitewater one at a time. Every one did awesome! It was such a blast. Guys were hooting and hollering all the way through the little wave train that followed Choo-Choo. I grabbed some shots of all the guys running it, then loaded up and headed in myself. It was a wild, fun ride!Following Choo-Choo Rapid we ran Mitchell’s Gut and a few other small ripples. By the time we got to the take-out sign everyone was laughing and talking about doing it again. Coming into the take-out channel, you just start to see signs of downtown Richmond. Buildings loomed on the horizon towards the Lower James section, a more difficult run. The James River in Richmond is a true gem of urban water. There were times I completely forgot we were in the capital city. It was a fantastic way for us, as co-workers, to share in a exhilarating experience.“I want to bring my wife down here!”, “I want to come back before winter and do it again.”, “How much does this cost if I come back next week?” The boys were psyched.The crew at Riverside Outfitters is awesome. These guys and gals carry a lot of passion for the James River scene in Richmond. They are advocates, ambassadors and die-hard users for and of this amazing resource. We were all impressed, both with the quality of the instruction and the joyful bliss of RVA SUP. Ben and Mitch were top notch guides. They’ll not only guide you safely down the river, but they’ll lead you to love that same river for all that it brings to the city.I’m primarily a kayak angler, though I’ve paddled some whitewater in WV from a kayak. My wife is the real whitewater star, having competed professionally for a good period of her life. I was thankful for getting to experience just a tiny taste of the river that shaped her upbringing in the paddling world. I had been a little skeptical of the river SUP thing, but no longer. It was so effortlessly smile inducing, which is how I measure fun activities, that I know I’ll be back at it very soon.When I got home, bursting with enthusiasm and appreciation my wife smiled (and always the pragmatists) said, “Good, I’m so happy for you! Sounds like you found your path to enjoying whitewater. Now I don’t have to worry about rescuing you from a kayak.”Rivers have been tied to human exploration for as long as we’ve traveled this planet. Floating these rivers is intrinsic to our nature. We have so many beautiful stretches of flowing water in this country, in the southeast. Get out there. Explore. Tune in to the wilderness outside and your wild inside. The James River in Richmond gives you a beautiful opportunity to get a taste of that wilderness at the doorstep of urban civilization. It’s a true gift.I love fishing from my kayak, but I’m grateful to have found a new way to appreciate the river’s bounty. Put whitewater paddle-boarding on your radar.
By Dialogo December 22, 2009 Lionel Messi is the FIFA World Player of the Year after leading FC Barcelona to an unprecedented trio of Spanish and European titles. The 22-year-old Argentine beat 2008 winner Cristiano Ronaldo, 2007 winner Kaka, and his Barcelona teammates Xavi Hernandez and Andres Iniesta in voting among national team captains and coaches. The award caps a perfect year for the winger. Messi won a Spanish league and cup double and the European championship last season. He added another title with an extra-time goal Saturday to beat Estudiantes and give Barcelona its first Club World Cup. Messi, who accepted the award at a FIFA gala in Zurich said “I’m extremely happy. We’ve just ended a historic year, a perfect year in which we’ve won every competition we’ve played in. We just needed to take this last step and everything has worked out how we wanted. It’s amazing.” The 22-year-old won the award for the first time, beating last year’s winner Cristiano Ronaldo, his two clubmates Andres Iniesta and Xavi and Brazil midfielder Kaka. He was presented with the trophy at a glittering awards gala in Zurich.
By United States Southern Command May 08, 2019 The U.S. Navy hospital ship USNS Comfort (T-AH 20) is scheduled to deploy in June from Naval Station Norfolk to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America to conduct humanitarian medical assistance missions in support of regional partners and in response to the regional impacts of the Venezuela political and economic crisis. During a five-month humanitarian mission, U.S. military medical personnel will work alongside partners to provide medical assistance to communities based on needs identified by host-nation health ministries, and help relieve pressure on host nation medical systems in countries hosting Venezuelans who have fled the country’s crisis. Countries hosting the USNS COMFORT during the mission will be announced at a later time. “The USNS COMFORT represents our enduring promise to our partners in the Western Hemisphere – our shared neighborhood,” said U.S. Navy Adm. Craig Faller, commander of U.S. Southern Command, which will oversee the deployment. “U.S. Southern Command is committed to the region in support of our Caribbean and Latin American partners, as well as displaced Venezuelans who continue to flee the brutal oppression of the former Maduro regime and its interlocking, man-made political, economic and humanitarian crises.” This marks the hospital ship’s seventh deployment to the region since 2007, second deployment to the Western Hemisphere in the last six months, and reflects the United States’ enduring promise of friendship, partnership, and solidarity with the Americas and the people of Venezuela. The USNS COMFORT operation is part of the deepening of our engagement in the region under the health pillar of the U.S.-Caribbean 2020 Strategy. (www.state.gov/p/wha/rt/caribbeanstrategy/)
(WBNG) — All five regions that were in phase one can now move into phase two, including the Southern Tier. Additionally, Cuomo said real estate services may reopen including building and property management and leasing, rental and sales services. Governor Cuomo said that the Southern Tier, Finger Lakes, Mohawk Valley, North Country and Central New York are the counties that may enter phase two. He said it also includes retail: in-store shopping, rental, repair and cleaning, barbershops and hair salons and motor vehicle leasing, rental and sales. Cuomo said some guidelines come with reopening in phase two. Cuomo said phase two involves all office-based jobs including professional services, administrative support and information technology. To see those guidelines, click here.
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– Advertisement – Gerwyn Price has more PDC titles than anyone else this year – he heads to the Grand Slam of Darts having won it for the last two years – Advertisement – – Advertisement – The best of the action from the final at the World Grand Prix in Coventry “I’m not going to be ageist here, but he’s 15 years younger than Peter Wright,” said Mardle. “Most people may think it’s nonsense, it’s darts. I can tell you it matters. I don’t feel the same as when I was 35, 12 years down the line I’m not the same human being.“I’ve had chats with him before where we’ve spent time away doing exhibitions and corporate gigs, he’s like ‘Wayne I want to take this for all it’s got, I can’t believe I’m making a living playing darts, this is amazing’, and as a sport he said ‘I never thought that I’d play it professionally so I’m just going to keep turning up and keep trying to win and go home and repeat the process’, and I admire that.”Price initially appeared to struggle with the more sterile behind-closed-doors environment as he suffered an early exit in July’s World Matchplay, but he has adapted magnificently to rediscover the winning formula and Mardle has paid tribute to the consistent intensity of his performances.“The way he plays with that aggression and emotion is tiring, so for him to keep doing it takes some mental strength.“His game in general is very, very good, but it’s his will to win. He absolutely thrives on that thought of winning and if you listen to him like at the Grand Prix, he never once spoke of winning until he won. 2:45 Gerwyn Price has more PDC titles than anyone else this year – he heads to the Grand Slam of Darts having won it for the last two years 0:40 Simon Whitlock thrashed defending champion Michael van Gerwen to reach the World Grand Prix semi-finals As a shortened PDC season enter its conclusion, change could be in the offing among the top-three ranked-players with the Grand Slam of Darts and World Darts Championship on the horizon.An out-of-sorts Michael van Gerwen finds his once-unassailable dominance as world No 1 under threat from ever-present world champion Peter Wright and the man playing arguably the best darts on the planet right now in Gerwyn Price.Whether it be debutant winners at the Premier League and World Matchplay in Glen Durrant and Dimitri Van den Bergh, respectively, or an unlikely World Grand Prix finalist in Dirk van Duijvenbode, crowdless darts amid the coronavirus pandemic has continued to surprise. But Wayne Mardle believes the leading trio will again be the ones to beat come the Grand Slam. 6Peter Wright Peter Wright hit a nine-darter during his Premier League match against Daryl Gurney on Night 11 and it clearly meant a lot to the world champion ‘Snakebite’ also won two Players Championship events over the summer, as well as reaching the Premier League Play-Offs where he was beaten by Nathan Aspinall, and Mardle believes the Grand Slam format will play to the Scot’s strengths.“His leg-on-leg ability and concentration, his leg-on-leg pressure that he applies to an opponent will work over a longer distance rather than a short one, which is what we saw in the World Championship final against Michael van Gerwen,” said Mardle.“He was just constantly hitting big shots every leg, every set and it’s not surprising he beat Michael over the format and we’ve seen Peter Wright reach the final here twice over the last three years, lost to Michael van Gerwen and Gerwyn Price.“On that day last year Gerwyn Price reached 107 point something, he was unplayable. I remember Peter Wright said ‘I did well to win six’. It was an incredible performance.“But Peter Wright gets to the latter stages of these long-winded events a lot because he’s very good leg in, leg out. To beat him over a long format you’ve got to do a lot right very, very often.”The world champion has notoriously been an ever-present on the circuit throughout the last few years, but he opted to miss two European Tour events last month and also sat out last weekend’s World Cup in Salzburg, a decision which Mardle thinks could pay dividends.“If he can pick and choose between World Cups and Winter Series and get himself absolutely bang on for the Grand Slam then he’s doing the right thing by his mind and you have to be mentally fit to be able to compete.“If Peter Wright by missing some of the events thinks he has more of a chance to win the bigger ones then good on him. I think he’s doing it right, because I don’t think playing every event is the way forward.” 8Gerwyn Price 2Nathan Aspinall, Joe Cullen, Live Grand Slam of Darts November 16, 2020, 1:00pmLive on PDC Titles 2021 Season Simon Whitlock thrashed defending champion Michael van Gerwen to reach the World Grand Prix semi-finals “The composure that you think is there on dart one disappears for dart two and returns for dart three. His emotions must be everywhere with that and that’s a horrible feeling. You think you’re in control, you’re not and then that wave passes and you feel good again. That is not pleasant.”Van Gerwen is no stranger to Grand Slam success, scooping the coveted title in three consecutive years between 2015 and 2017, and Mardle believes the elongated format could alleviate some of the pressure currently on the Dutchman’s shoulders.“This is a good event for him to see where his game is at because come quarter-finals, semi-finals the formats are long enough to build up a lead where you don’t actually get put under pressure.“You can win the Grand Slam without being under the cosh so this will be a real good yardstick of where his game is at and I’m intrigued to see what happens. Michael van Gerwen is a champion because when he is playing near his best his best is so far better than anybody else’s.”Follow the action from the Grand Slam with all nine days covered on Sky Sports Arena – and if you are out and about updates via our live blogs and @SkySportsDarts for regular updates Michael Smith The winning machineA rampant Price enters the tournament a newly-crowned World Cup champion, the reigning World Grand Prix champion and World Series champion, having also added an eighth PDC title of 2020 with victory on Day Three of the Winter Series. 0:56 The best of the action from the final at the World Grand Prix in Coventry Gerwyn Price is eyeing future titles after winning the World Grand Prix “It was ‘do you believe you can win?’ and it was like ‘well of course I do but there a lot of people doing that so I’ll just keep ploughing on’, and that’s where he doesn’t get ahead of himself. He knows he can win because he’s done it before and done it again and now he’s continuing to do it on a more-than-regular basis.“I just think you’re never over the line against him because he has got those battling qualities. He’s very, very good under pressure. He has little dips in games, of course he does, but I think when he’s on he’s more of an imposing character than absolutely anybody in the game.”The world No 1It seems almost unfathomable that Van Gerwen does not begin a major tournament as an overwhelming favourite, but that is reflective of his barren run which has seen him fail to reach a televised final in his last five major events.Van Gerwen’s last major triumph came at the UK Open prior to lockdown, but since the restart he has struggled to produce the goods. By his exceptional standards he endured a nightmare Premier League campaign, and now faces a fight to maintain his world No 1 status over the coming months.“Michael is probably in as worse shape mentally, and I’m going to say physically now as well with his back problem that hindered him at the World Cup, that he’s been in since 2012. If he plays well, I think he wins,” admitted Mardle.“The chances of him playing somewhere near his best are quite remote because when he’s looked good he’s looked a million dollars, but his ‘B’ game has just deserted him completely. He gets flustered that little bit easier. 4Michael van Gerwen 1:19 Peter Wright hit a nine-darter during his Premier League match against Daryl Gurney on Night 11 and it clearly meant a lot to the world champion “Michael van Gerwen is kind of a worry with his back but I think there’s a few in there that can live with them as well,” said Mardle.“Obviously you’re going to have Michael Smith, Nathan Aspinall, Gary Anderson. James Wade will come into that argument as well because we know what James is like, he’s a difficult customer to deal with.“If you are going to pick out three players that can be head and shoulders above the rest, it’s those three. They are one, two and three in the world for a reason. What order one, two and three are going to be after the Worlds we don’t know.“But going into the Grand Slam, Michael van Gerwen won’t be feeling good about his game or maybe his body, Gerwyn Price is a million dollars and to say he wouldn’t win it again, I’d say he probably fancies the task more than ever.”The world championWright recently added a European Championship title to his growing list of accolades as he beat James Wade 11-4 in the final, having averaged more than 102 in each of his five matches. 2:39 Gerwyn Price is eyeing future titles after winning the World Grand Prix – Advertisement –
The same principle has been applied by travel agencies, except in Europe, and in the world all under the #dontcancelpostpone communication, but as Bjelogrlić points out, they are very worried that there are too many unknowns about travel options in the next few months, which makes any planning much more difficult. “Travel agencies need to be conservative with operating costs as they have no revenue. A number of them decided to lay off their workers, and a number activated government measures. Since they are not actively working on reservations at the moment, they are researching what they can do at the moment, and for the vast majority it comes down to investing in marketing, improving the offer and researching technological solutions that can help them achieve operational savings and increase future sales.” Many travel agencies and tour operators still rely on manual work or outdated technologies in performing their business processes, Bjelogrlić emphasizes, and sees this crisis as an opportunity for accelerated digitalization of both the tourism sector and especially travel agencies. “This significantly slows down their business and progress because they have the challenge to respond to customer requests in a timely and adequate manner. On the other hand, digitized travel agencies have much higher operational efficiency and a faster sales process. This is also an important advantage over the competition because travel companies that do not go through digitalization will not be able to remain competitive in the market in the future. ” As it is pointed out, the crisis is always an opportunity, and what is quite clear is a great opportunity for all countries, including most industries, to reset, organize development strategies, accelerate development, and above all accelerate digitalization. When asked what the reaction of their clients is, what they expect and how much the current situation will affect the long-term business or survival of many small and medium-sized agencies, Bjelogrlic said that their clients, like most businesses, found themselves in an unenviable situation. enacted certain measures to help overcome the temporary period. “It is difficult to predict who will survive, but what the market tells us is that small entrepreneurs are in a state of “hibernation”, or dormancy, and with such an approach can withstand more than medium-sized entrepreneurs. Enough of the announcement that states will help rescue large companies like big airlines or at least those that have found themselves in a dead end situation. In the whole story, medium-sized entrepreneurs could suffer the most because they are not able to put their business on hold, and the help itself may not be adequate. We at Lemax talk to clients from all continents and for now most of them do not take drastic measures . They understand that certain competitors will fail, giving them the opportunity for greater market share. The market will gradually return to normal and will need to meet all customer requirements. Our clients understand that they need to achieve operational success to meet new requirements, and they realize that they can only do so with technological advances and the digitalization of their processes. ” By the way, the company Lemax is a Croatian IT company founded in 1990 and is the initiator of the transformation and automation of the global tourism industry through a comprehensive software solution. They employ over 100 employees, and interestingly develop only one product, but which is globally competitive, and is intended for all business needs of travel agencies and tour operators. Today, Lemax is one of the world’s leading software solutions in the travel industry (not only in Croatia, but in the world) that automates the business of 120 clients worldwide. From the outside, it looks easy for the customer – in one place he can see the offer of content and travel packages and buy them immediately. It has everything stored in one digital place, monitors the whole process, has direct communication with partners, while on the other hand the agency thus gets a lot more than seen at first. The heart of digitization is in backend. P Many travel agencies and tour operators still rely on manual labor or outdated technologies in conducting their business processes Travel agencies will be one of the leaders in the new digital evolution in the tourism industry. It was on this topic that I spoke with Ozren Bjelogrlić from Lemax, Croatian company that is a global player and has become a reputation when it comes to digitalization of travel agencies. The tourism sector has always been among the first industries to follow trends and all market demands, and it is quite certain that tourism will embrace this opportunity and further accelerate the process of digitalization in all spheres of tourism. Thus, travel vouchers for travel agencies appeared, which ensured short-term security and the continuation of travel to travel agencies, as well as a certain security for customers to perform the service or refund. In particular, the traveler has the right to postpone the trip for 180 days, and if he decides to refund and does not want to use the previously paid and booked trip, after 180 days he receives a full refund. Most travel agencies in Europe have introduced tourist vouchers, but while in Croatia the deadline is 180 days in some European countries the deadline is up to 12 months. Ozren Bjelogrlić, Account Executive from Lemax The million kuna question that everyone is wondering, of course, is when the global tourism market will finally be activated. A question to which no one has an answer, yet the situation is becoming more stable day by day in most countries. “Appropriate security measures are increasingly being introduced to protect travelers and residents of tourist destinations from the possibility of coronavirus infection, thus increasing the likelihood of travel in the near future. Examples of this are agreements between EU members on the opening of passenger corridors, rapid testing at airports led by the leader of the aviation industry, Emirates, and investments in travel insurance. During the crisis, the importance of domestic guests and how much they will be able to contribute this season is increasingly mentioned. ” Bjelogrlić points out. Precisely because of primarily global partners, I was interested in how travel agencies and tour operators are currently preparing for the day after the coronavirus, what is happening on the global stage and where they see an opportunity for new growth, when of course the global tourism market is activated. It is certainly clear to everyone how the digitalisation of both the entire country and the entire tourism sector will now accelerate. It is in this field that Lemax has the most experience. Technology can and should certainly help tourism recover, Bjelogrlic believes, adding: “It is very questionable in what condition the company from the tourism sector will continue to operate when the economy and society return to normal. An increasing number of them are realizing that they will have to become more agile and significantly more operationally efficient. The digitalization of business processes has affected every industry, so tourism is no exception, and this crisis will be a catalyst for changes in technological terms that will enable them to be agile and better efficient. Those companies from the tourism sector that already have high technological awareness and implemented systems will be able to respond faster to market demands and a possible increase in business volume, given that a number of competitors will not be able to continue doing business. Cover photo: Markus Spiske, Pexels / Illustration: HrTurizam The reason for this was that the agencies, in addition to the new booking and the inflow of any funds in complete delay, could not even get funds for already booked trips because the money has already been forwarded to others in the package chain such as airlines and hotels. this moment brought into even greater problems the travel agency i.e. certain doom. This is how a win-win situation was found through vouchers, both for travel agencies, hotels and other partners, as well as for travelers. When asked how the travel agencies reacted to the new situation, Bjelogrlić pointed out that one of the first and quickest reactions of travel agencies on a global level was the transfer of reservations to later dates or for 2021. “Lemax enables the digital transformation of the business of tour operators and travel agencies through end-to-end integrated processes of automation of sales, marketing, operations and finance. In particular, Lemax enables travel agencies and tour operators to speed up and automate their sales process and to simultaneously monitor communication and activities with both customers and suppliers in a single system. An additional advantage of the system is that it provides improved opportunities for marketing activities (CRM), operations, finance and online sales through the use of B2B and B2C portals. This not only enables the modernization of the overall business of agencies and tour operators, but also increases their scalability in the market.”Concludes Bjelogrlić. What is certain is that the tourism sector, at least in the coming years, will certainly no longer be the same, and various changes will occur in the habits of tourists and the way they travel. According to Bjelogrlić, the focus will be on domestic travel. “Differences within the tourism sector will be visible in several different fields. A much greater focus will be on domestic travel compared to before and certain countries like France, USA, Spain will be able to take quite advantage of this as they are traditionally known for domestic travel. As already mentioned, certain large companies will receive strategic assistance, while medium-sized entrepreneurs could be in the biggest problem of survival. In addition, markets around the world will react differently to the exposure of a particular mode of transport, such as Australia or New Zealand, which can only be reached by plane. Given that Croatia is in a very favorable location within the EU, there may be a greater focus on shorter trips to the Adriatic by our closest neighbors. ” says Bjelogrlić and adds that despite everything, tourism will recover and people will continue to travel. “According to a WTTO (World Travel & Tourism Council) survey, tourism creates 1 in 10 jobs and many other industries and communities around the world depend on it, so it is in everyone’s interest for tourism to recover as soon as possible. ” Bjelogrlić emphasizes.