October 20, 2019
  • 11:04 am Veteran director J Om Prakash dies
  • 11:02 am Jaitley responding to treatment VPs office after Naidu visits AIIMS
  • 10:57 am Govt seeks report from schools about initiative for cleaning Yamuna
  • 10:16 am Hong Kong leader insists she will stay on
  • 10:15 am Japan briefs diplomats to wipe Fukushima nuke water concern

first_img Citation: Entangled Light in Bose-Einstein Condensates (2009, April 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-04-entangled-bose-einstein-condensates.html “Each atom in the BEC, being in exactly the same wavefunction, will experience exactly the same light field,” Bose explained. “They will all thereby have precisely the same interaction with the light field, unlike the case for a thermal gas, for which different atoms will be in different velocities and positions and may interact differently with the light field. All the atoms will thus go on doing the same process, namely taking a photon from the laser and churning out two photons of different frequencies. This process makes the different frequencies of light quantum mechanically correlated or entangled.”Since detecting light entanglement inside the cavity is very difficult (and not very useful, since the entangled modes should be well separated in space), the scientists explain that it’s necessary to detect entanglement in the light leaking out of the cavity. Outside of the cavity, a prism splits the leaked light into two different frequencies. Once separated, a homodyne detection measures and verifies the entanglement. The scientists expect that their proposal could be experimentally realized with current technology.The main advantage of generating entangled light with a BEC compared with bulk crystals is the control offered by the BEC method. By adjusting the strength of the atom-photon couplings, Ng and Bose explain how to control the degree of entanglement: a large number of atoms and decreased cavity decay optimizes the entanglement.“Potentially, here the degree of entanglement could be higher and it could be less noisy,” Bose said.More information: Ng, H T and Bose, S. “Entangled light from Bose-Einstein condensates.” New Journal of Physics, 11 (2009) 043009. • Join PhysOrg.com on Facebook!• Follow PhysOrg.com on Twitter!Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Physicists Ho-Tsang Ng and Sougato Bose of the University College London have recently proposed a method to generate entangled light using a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped in an optical cavity. If the system works, it would enable researchers to control the degree of entanglement. Entangled light, which is regarded as the ideal entity for sharing entanglement between distant parties, has many future applications in quantum communications. Ng and Bose’s study is published in the New Journal of Physics.“I would say that the significance of the work is two-fold: firstly, it provides an immediate application of a novel setup (namely the BEC in a cavity) that has been recently realized in experiments,” Bose told PhysOrg.com. “Secondly, it is the application of a mesoscopic system to do something which is normally done using a macroscopic system such as a crystal.”A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a group of atoms that are cooled to near absolute zero, which causes the atoms’ wavelengths to increase and overlap so that the group acts like a single atom. Although the atomic cluster has a relatively large size, it’s considered to be a single quantum state and it obeys quantum laws.In their study, Ng and Bose propose trapping a BEC in an optical cavity, where the ultra-cold atoms are trapped in a periodic potential. This scheme ensures that every atom will experience exactly the same interaction with the light field, resulting in very strong atom-photon coupling. As the physicists note, strong atom-photon couplings are extremely useful for performing quantum information processing before decoherence sets in, which has the potential for applications such as long-lived quantum memory and quantum networks for light-matter interfaces.In this case, the strong atom-photon coupling provides a method for realizing entangled light. In the configuration, a laser continuously emits pairs of photons of two different frequencies into the trapped BEC. Acting as a medium, the BEC mediates entanglement between the two photons’ cavity (light) modes. As the quantum-correlated light modes decay, they leak out of the cavity through a one-sided mirror. Explore further In Ng and Bose’s proposed scheme, a BEC trapped in an optical cavity is continuously driven by a laser that emits photons in pairs of two different frequencies. The BEC mediates entanglement between the two light modes, which are emitted through a one-sided mirror. A prism separates the two modes, and a homodyne detection confirms the entanglement. Image credit: Ng and Bose.center_img (PhysOrg.com) — When physicists entangle light, they usually use nonlinear crystals as the source. However, it’s difficult to control the entanglement generation process in a bulk crystal, and so scientists have been looking for a more fundamental source of entangled light. Now, they may have found a candidate: Bose-Einstein condensates. Teleportation method proposed by Australian scientists This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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first_img(Phys.org) —A recent study paid for by the European Commission, and conducted and published by (the non-peer reviewed site) Science-Metrix, has found that more than half (approximately 55 percent) of peer-reviewed research articles that were originally published between the years 2007-2012 can now be accessed free of charge somewhere on the Internet—a marked increase over last year when papers from just one year reached that mark, Nature blog has reported. Researchers with the study also found that approximately 13 percent of peer-reviewed research papers were published directly to open access sites in 2012. Papers first published behind paywalls make their way to open access sites only after a certain time delay, usually, the researchers report, due to authors archiving their papers themselves. More information: Report: science-metrix.com/en/publicat … ewed-journals-at-thevia Nature blog © 2014 Phys.org Citation: Study shows more than half of peer-reviewed research articles published during 2007-2012 are now open access (2014, October 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-10-peer-reviewed-articles-published-access.html Study group claims free access to research papers has reached a ‘tipping point’center_img Explore further The study was conducted as part of what is being called “open access” week, where proponents of open access use various methods to urge authors to go the open-access route. One such venture was the “Open Access Button” where users could press a button on a website to find open access papers on a topic of their choice. The idea, such proponents suggest, is to open a dialogue between authors and those who would like access to their papers without having to pay for them.The research team used special software to scrape the Internet looking for published research papers as listed by the Scopus database for the period 1996-2013. Science-Metrix officials note that the numbers are of course estimates, as their software can’t possibly find every instance of a paper. They believe the software misses approximately 5 to 6 percent of papers available. Advocates of open access suggest the numbers found by the researchers don’t mean much as the majority of articles originally published behind paywalls typically undergo a one to two year delay before being carried to open access sites—a lag that can prove important in fast changing fields.The researchers also found that open access publication tended to vary by both region and subject area—Brazil and the Netherlands, for example both had very high rates of initial open access publication—76 and 74 percent respectively and biomedical papers were shared on average, freely, far more often than chemistry papers—71 and 39 percent respectively. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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first_img When we walk fast, run or engage in other exercise, our muscles burn a lot of calories which results in the generation of heat—our bodes respond by sweating—the evaporation of the liquid helps cool us down. Birds, on the other hand, do not sweat and they are covered in feathers, two factors that would seem to make it difficult for them to keep cool during times when they are flying. Also, because they flap faster than other birds (up to 50 times a second) hummingbirds would seem to have a serious challenge in removing the heat their muscles generate. To find out how they do it, the researchers put several specimens in a wind tunnel and filmed them with an infrared camera the results of which displayed different colors on the birds’ bodies representing different temperatures.In studying the video, the researchers found that the birds tended to dissipate heat from their feet, in the areas where their wings met their bodies and around their eyes. They found that such areas showed temperature differences up to 8°C warmer than the rest of their bodies. They noted also that the heat dissipating became more noticeable as the birds reduced their flight speed and was most pronounced when the birds were hovering (they are the only birds that can do so)—they noted also that the birds lowered their feet more during these times, which allowed more heat to dissipate.Heat dissipation is critical for the birds, the team notes, and thus it appears likely they change their behavior when it is hot outside. This, they note, could spell trouble for the birds in the years ahead as the planet warms. On the left are infrared (IR) thermographic images of S. calliope flying at 0 (hovering), 6 (intermediate speed) and 12 (high speed) m s−1. On the right are three-dimensional plots of surface temperature corresponding to each of the IR thermographic images. Eye and axial HDAs are visible across the full range of flight speeds. The feet/legs are extended and visible during hovering, but are most often retracted beneath the plumage during forward flight. Credit: Royal Society Open Science (2015). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150598 Explore further Journal information: Royal Society Open Science More information: Donald R. Powers et al. Heat dissipation during hovering and forward flight in hummingbirds, Royal Society Open Science (2015). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.150598AbstractFlying animals generate large amounts of heat, which must be dissipated to avoid overheating. In birds, heat dissipation is complicated by feathers, which cover most body surfaces and retard heat loss. To understand how birds manage heat budgets during flight, it is critical to know how heat moves from the skin to the external environment. Hummingbirds are instructive because they fly at speeds from 0 to more than 12 m s−1, during which they transit from radiative to convective heat loss. We used infrared thermography and particle image velocimetry to test the effects of flight speed on heat loss from specific body regions in flying calliope hummingbirds (Selasphorus calliope). We measured heat flux in a carcass with and without plumage to test the effectiveness of the insulation layer. In flying hummingbirds, the highest thermal gradients occurred in key heat dissipation areas (HDAs) around the eyes, axial region and feet. Eye and axial surface temperatures were 8°C or more above air temperature, and remained relatively constant across speeds suggesting physiological regulation of skin surface temperature. During hovering, birds dangled their feet, which enhanced radiative heat loss. In addition, during hovering, near-body induced airflows from the wings were low except around the feet (approx. 2.5 m s−1), which probably enhanced convective heat loss. Axial HDA and maximum surface temperature exhibited a shallow U-shaped pattern across speeds, revealing a localized relationship with power production in flight in the HDA closest to the primary flight muscles. We conclude that hummingbirds actively alter routes of heat dissipation as a function of flight speed. © 2015 Phys.orgcenter_img Australian birds feel heat of climate change (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with George Fox University in Oregon and the University of Montana has uncovered the ways in which calliope hummingbirds (Selasphorus calliope) get rid of the large amount of heat that is generated as they rapidly beat their wings. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the team describes their experiments and results and why they believe what they found could be problematic for the birds in the coming years. Citation: Infrared video reveals how hummingbirds dissipate heat (2015, December 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-12-infrared-video-reveals-hummingbirds-dissipate.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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first_imgIncome Inequality and White-on-Black Racial Bias in the United States: Evidence From Project Implicit and Google TrendsPaul Connor, Vasilis Sarafidis, Michael J. Zyphur, Dacher Keltner, and Serena Chen Automatic Prioritization of Self-Referential Stimuli in Working Memory Shouhang Yin, Jie Sui, Yu-Chin Chiu, Antao Chen, and Tobias Egner Several theories predict that when income inequality is higher, racism will also be higher. To test this prediction, Connor et al. analyzed income inequality and racial bias in the United States between 2004 and 2015. They used income-inequality coefficients computed from the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS’s) Statistics of Income, measures of implicit and explicit racial bias from Whites toward Blacks obtained from Project Implicit — a large-scale online project conducted by researchers at Harvard University — and a state-level measure of the Google searches that contained racial slurs, available on the Google Trends website. By using different models to analyze their data, the authors found that within states, higher income inequality was associated with higher rates of Whites’ racial bias. This was a very small effect and was not found when racial bias was measured by Google searches. However, given that small effects can accumulate and become meaningful and given the social importance of racial bias, the authors suggest that increased levels of explicit racism should be considered a consequence of increased income inequality. People usually process information more quickly when it is related to themselves than to others (e.g., responses are faster to one’s own face than to other faces), showing a self-reference bias. To investigate whether self-referential information is also prioritized in working memory (WM), which allows us to temporarily keep information in mind for further processing, Yin et al. trained participants to form associations between colors and social labels (e.g., self, friend, stranger) and tested whether participants would prioritize the self-related color associations over the other-related color associations in a WM task. In the WM task, participants saw two colored circles in different locations and then had to decide whether a new location and a social label matched any of the two colored circles. Participants were equally accurate but faster when responding to self-related colors and labels than to friend-related or stranger-related colors and labels. This self-bias was not a product of increased attention during encoding or retrieval of the colors in the WM task. Moreover, it occurred automatically, and persisted when self-referential information was rarely presented and paying more attention to it would hurt performance on the task. This automatic prioritization of self-referential information in WM may be the basis of egocentric biases in decision making, the authors suggest. Support for Resettling Refugees: The Role of Fixed Versus Growth Mind-SetsShilpa Madan, Shankha Basu, Aneeta Rattan, and Krishna Savani Read about the latest research published in Psychological Science: What distinguishes individuals who support resettling refugees into their own countries from those who oppose it? It appears to depend in part on their beliefs in individual characteristics as either malleable (i.e., a growth mind-set) or fixed (i.e., a fixed mind-set), this study suggests. Across six experiments, Madan and colleagues showed that individuals with a growth mind-set were more likely to support their country taking in refugees than were individuals with a fixed mind-set. This was true for individuals from the United States and from the United Kingdom. When participants’ mind-set was manipulated by randomly assigning them to read a text that supported evidence either for a growth mind-set or for a fixed mind-set, their attitudes toward refugee resettling depended on the text read, indicating that mind-set can be manipulated and that it is one of the causes of support or lack of support for refugee resettling. Relative to participants with a fixed mind-set, participants with a growth mind-set were more likely to believe that refugees can assimilate to the host-country culture but less likely to believe that they should assimilate. Thus, people’s beliefs about the mutability of individual characteristics seem to be linked to their opinions about refugees’ ability to adapt to a new culture. These beliefs influence people’s support of policies regarding the resettling of refugees, which can affect the lives of the more than 3 million people who annually seek asylum. last_img read more

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first_imgKolkata: If you are planning to celebrate Poila Baisakh without having to queue outside Bengali eateries, then here is your opportunity. You can savour some mouth-watering exotic dishes right at your home with Haringhata Meat tieing up with an online shopping portal making a foray into the online sale of exotic meat from Poila Baisakh – Bengali New Year’s Day.”So far our sales were confined only to the boundaries of offline marketing i.e, through numerous Haringhata outlets spread across the state. In the era of globalization, when internet has taken over a major part of our living, we decided to tie up with a leading online portal to venture into the field of online marketing. We are hopeful of a positive feedback from consumers,” said Gouri Shankar Koner, Managing Director of West Bengal Livestock Development Corporation that sells its products under the brand name Haringhata Meat. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe newest venture of Haringhata will make a wide medley of tropical meat like Lean Pork, Fresh Pork, Dressed Pekin Duck, Dressed Turkey meat, Dressed Quail, lamb meat etc. available on the official website of the online shopping portal. To avail the freshest fish or meat directly from the market, a person has to place the order one day prior to the delivery by 9 pm and on the next day within two hours of procurement from the market, his/ her order will be delivered. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedExotic meat consumption is on a high and has become one of the growing markets in India. The demand for fresh meat and the lack of quality options in the traditional offline market have driven the online meat selling amongst the target customer base. The consumption of exotic meat has broken through the glass ceiling of religious firewalls and personal squeamishness in an age when 20 million Indians are travelling overseas and are spending heavily on food. It may be mentioned that the online shopping portal has been already making it big in the market of online supply of fresh fish, meat and varied items of daily needs. So, instead of burning yourself out at outdoor restaurants in this hot summer, you can just place an order online to add variety to your Poila Baisakh celebrations with delicious cuisine right at your home.last_img read more

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first_imgKolkata: The body of a youth, who was missing for the past two days, was found in river Hooghly on Wednesday. The victim’s family members identified the body on Thursday.Police said the victim, Sourav Bakuli, was a resident of Salua area near the Kolkata Airport and was the owner of a sweet shop.Investigating officers came to know from his family members that he was to get married on Tuesday and he went missing on Monday afternoon after.His family members told the police that he had left home saying that he was going to an astrologer. The astrologer had asked him to meet at Chinar Park. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsBut he didn’t return home after that. It was around two hours he had left his home, the astrologer went to his house and enquired that why he didn’t meet him at Chinar Park.The victim’s family members searched him at all possible places but they couldn’t find him anywhere. The family members had lodged a complaint and the police also initiated a search for Sourav.It was on Wednesday night, the policemen of North Port Police Station under Kolkata Police came to know that a body was found near Baghbazar canal.The body was fished out and on Thursday, the victim’s family members were asked to identify it. The victim’s family members confirmed to the police that it was Sourav’s body.The family members alleged that there is a foul play behind the incident. Police initiated a probe in this connection and questioned the astrologer.last_img read more

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first_imgAn official says four soldiers were killed in Kashmir after their vehicle was buried in an avalanche in the Himalayan region. District official Swagat Biswas says army troops have recovered the bodies of three soldiers killed in the avalanche that struck Chang La village in Leh district late on Friday. He said rescue workers were digging through snow drifts on Saturday to find the body of a fourth soldier, also feared killed in the avalanche. No other details were immediately available. Leh is about 435 kilometers (270 miles) east of Srinagar, the main city in Indian-controlled Kashmir.last_img

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first_imgIngredients :Yellow Dal (Arhar)- 75 gmsTurmeric-05 gmsGarlic-05 gmsOnion-15 gmsMustard Seeds-03 gmsCumin Seeds-03 gmsCoconut Oil-05 gmsCurry Leaves-10 gmsSalt- To TasteCoconut Paste-20gmsDry Red Chilli Whole-05 gmsPetha- 15 gmsMethod :Boil Dal, adding turmeric powder and saltAdd garlic whole, white petha (dice)Simmer till doneFor tempering, put oil in the pan followed by mustard and cumin seeds, curry leaves, dry red chilliNow add sliced onion, stir till onion turns dark pink Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Pour the tempering on the dal, adding coconut paste and lemon juiceGarnish with Curry LeavesIngredients:Lady Finger- 200 gmCoconut milk- 100mlFenugreek and Curry seeds- 01 gmCoriander Powder- 05 gmsTurmeric Powder- 05 gmsRed Chili- 05 gmsSalt- To TasteLemon Juice- 03 mlCoriander- 05 gmsCoconut Oil- 05 gmsShallot Slice (Baby onions)- 15 gmsMethod:Pour oil into the wokAdd fenugreek seeds, curry leaves followed by sliced shallot and chilliStir for 3-4 minutes till onion turns pinkAdd turmeric powder, coriander powder and then lady fingerStir for a while and then add coconut milk and saltSimmer till lady finger is cookedGarnish with fresh coriander spriglast_img read more

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first_imgPrime Minister Narendra Modi is all set to undertake yet another but by now familiar string of three-nation tour starting with China on May 14 that takes him to Mongolia and South Korea before he heads home to be in time for the celebration of his first year in office.Though Modi seldom likes to be compared with India’s first and most popular Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru who etched his name in the global arena by fostering India’s sui generis foreign policy of non-alignment, the indisputable fact is that Modi takes the task of swaying external powers seriously by his own brand of diplomacy. Also Read – Syrian army suspends ‘Aleppo fighting’In an increasingly integrated international political economy, no nation can afford to remain isolated or is found tethered to one set of big power bloc to the dismay of equally powerful blocs. After wooing the United States, Australia and European nations, not to speak of  most of the neighbouring South Asian and Indian Ocean countries, Modi is now riveting his gaze on the Middle Kingdom, to be followed by two state visits to Moscow before the end of this year! In his eclectic quest to cultivate new allies and strengthen extant ones with panache, Modi would find China a different power that has visibly but unobtrusively taken centre-stage in the comity of nations in recent years by its sheer economic heft, military clout and spreading its massive chest of foreign reserves to invest in disparate countries in Africa, South America and in Europe and in the rest of Asia, not to speak of its growing economic engagement with the United States, Russia and Japan, despite frayed relations of the past. Also Read – Alarming seismic activityA little known fact, according to China Daily, is that the trade volume between China and Russia hit $95.2 billion in 2014, well-nigh touching the $100 billion goal set for 2015 by Chinese and Russian leaders in 2011. China’s economy has crossed the $10 trillion threshold and is ranked second in the world, after the United States. No doubt, the double-digit economic expansion the Middle Kingdom had been clocking ever since Deng Xiaoping unleashed the entrepreneurial forces economy in a clever bid of guided market economy policy with maintaining the façade of state control, the results had been the envy of every country that aspires to be in the giddy growth path. But this cannot be continued for ever as the consequences of high growth had become unmanageable in terms of reckless consumption and cognate pollution that exacted human cost in terms of health-related problems. That is the reason why the Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang’s work plan for 2015, unveiled at the National People’s Congress in March, engineered the country’s gear shift to a “new normal” of seven per cent economic growth. Chinese scholars from the Fung Global Institute Messer Andrew Sheng and Xiao Geng contend that efforts to adjust to China’s new normal go beyond policies designed to sustain economic growth.  They said reforms must aim to underpin inclusivity, advance environmental sustainability, promote innovation and boost competitiveness. This exact four-pronged approach is the bedrock on which the new normal paradigm for development of China is being built brick by brick without any crick or concussion to the ordinary denizen or the larger economy!With China heading a brand new $50 billion global financial institution, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), it is eyeing the enormous infrastructure opportunities across developing and emerging Asia to fund through this new institution. The triumph of this new-born infrastructure bank is a testament to the world’s craving for long-gestation and capital-intensive infra projects where there are not adequate lending institutions of global genre other than the traditional ones such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank or other regional development outfit.But the latter institutions invariably imposed programme-based project lending that cost the borrowing countries dear in terms of prohibitive compliance price and resistance from local people who were ousted by such projects such as in the case of the construction of huge dams.The popularity of the AIIB, meticulously brought to being by Beijing, is seen in the fact that by mid-April a total of 57 countries were approved as founding members. Given the fact that the global economy is moving at a glacial clip with recovery remaining wobbly or rickety in most of the rich world and there is an unmet and unconscionable demand for infrastructure investment in Asia in general and India in particular, wisdom lies in New Delhi cuddling itself closely with the dragon to ensure better connectivity and enhanced self-development capability, leveraging the Middle Kingdom finances at a relatively cheaper cost.China has grandly proposed “Belt and Road” initiative that is likely to be a significant part of its economic and overseas development plans for years to come. This coupled with the Silk Road Fund for bolstering infrastructure construction and improving connectivity across the regions would help participating countries including India to benefit greatly if the bargaining parleys are held to mutual advantages. Beijing policy wonks have reassured the prospective beneficiaries of the AIIB that though China remains by far the largest fund provider for the Bank as also the “Belt and Road Initiative”, these projects have been and would be carried out in concert with other countries.Besides, China does not seek veto power in the projects, unlike the egregious examples set by multilateral lenders such as the ADB, the World Bank and the IMF. Writing in the China Daily, a researcher in international strategies at the Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Beijing, Zhao Lei argued that “the AIIB and ‘the Belt and Road Initiative’ are new manifestation of a community of shared interests. Since the two China-led projects are opposed to hegemony and privileges, they should help establish fairness as the supreme value in Asia and beyond”. If the set values are more than the paper on which they are written and are scrupulously treasured and revered by the Chinese leadership, participating countries will have comfort enough to cozy up to the schemes to embrace them for implementation to tone up their connectivity and infrastructure development before long.As Modi meets his counterpart and also the President Xi during his sojourn in the three cities in China, he would have first-hand experience of how the Chinese leadership and the people of China will really warm up to him so that all the stakeholders for a sustainable bilateral relationship can bury the hatchet and herald a halcyon phase across a broad swathe of traditional and frontier areas for mutual gains over the long haul, policy wonks say.last_img read more

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first_imgBALURGHAT: In order to tighten security measures to stop cattle smuggling from South Dinajpur, the concerned district administration has decided to stop selling of cattle in three markets close to Bangladesh border.Sources informed that the three cattle markets are located at two blocks — Balurghat and Kumarganj. Recently, the Centre has also directed the state to stop selling to the markets, which are on or around 8 km from theBangladesh border. The owners of those markets have already received individual order copy to stop cattle sellingimmediately.Sub-divisional magistrate Balurghat, Isha Mukherjee said the direction regarding the matter has been sent to the owners and asked them to follow the norms strictly to avoid any legal procedure.last_img

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first_imgAnxious parents are more likely to have anxious children, a study on rhesus monkeys has revealed. It added that the risk of developing anxiety and depression is passed from parents to children.An over-active brain circuit involving three brain areas inherited from generation to generation may set the stage for developing anxiety and depressive disorders, said the researchers from University of Wisconsin-Madison. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“Over-activity of these three brain regions are inherited brain alterations that are directly linked to the later life risk to develop anxiety and depression,” said senior study author Ned Kalin.The findings showed that elevated activity in the brain areas is likely involved in mediating the in-born risk for extreme anxiety and anxious temperament that can be observed in early childhood.Monkeys, like humans, can be temperamentally anxious and pass their anxiety-related genes on to the next generation. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixBy studying nearly 600 young rhesus monkeys, the team found that about 35 percent of variation in anxiety-like tendencies is explained by family history. To a certain extent, anxiety can provide an evolutionary advantage because it helps an individual recognise and avoid danger.“But when the circuits are over-active, it becomes a problem and can result in anxiety and depressive disorders,” Kalin explained.Surprisingly, the study found that it was the function of brain structures – and not their size – that was responsible for the genetic transfer of an anxious temperament. “Now that we know where to look, we can develop a better understanding of the molecular alterations that give rise to anxiety-related brain function,” Kalin noted.The findings are a big step in understanding the neural underpinnings of inherited anxiety and begins to give scientists more selective targets for treatment. The study was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).last_img read more

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first_imgWith the changing pattern of pedagogy, students of the 21st century need to follow a different approach to enhance their knowledge. Keeping in view of the same, Educomp Solutions Ltd. has announced the launch of a series of School Conclaves based on its visionary theme #Thereisanotherway across India. The conclaves aim to highlight the key issues with the leaning process and discuss strategies to meet the challenges. Some of the ways proposed by the team was to focus on the concept of auditory learning, and initiate the fruitful use of gadgets among children to enhance a better learning experience.Alka Rao, Deputy Director Training of Educomp solutions, spoke of the changing role of teachers with the changing circumstances. She further discussed on another initiative from Educomp Solutions Ltd, E-DAC, series of textbooks specially designed for children’s fulfilled learning experience.last_img read more

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first_imgJayadeva wrote this unusual love poem dedicated to Radha and Krishna in the 12th Century. Racing through a gamut of love in its prismatic glory, the plot of the poem revolves around longings, separations, misunderstandings, pleadings and triumph of love in an unparalleled combination of imagery. Its lyricality and spirituality have become synonymous with Krishna, where his beloved Radha is the presiding deity and it is she who wields and holds the power of life and love. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The iconic cultural personality, Sonal Mansingh is acknowledged as the master of cultural interpretations and an exemplary teacher, who explains inter-linkages with philosophy, literature, sculpture and mythological parables through lectures and dance. She is a great scholar and seasoned art administrator, who has performed, given lectures and conducted workshops in 90 countries of the world.The Centre for Indian Classical Dances will present a rare solo dance presentation by Padma Vibhushan Sonal Mansingh of Geet – Govind, at India International Centre, New Delhi. This iconic and legendary diva of Indian art and culture has tenaciously kept alive the cultural traditions. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixUnderstanding Jayadeva’s multi-dimensional persona, his use of Sanskrit language, synonyms for Krishna, description of nature are some of the few high-points in this presentation.The performance schedule is given below for easy reference. Sonal has shared the beauty and bliss of Indian dance in 90 countries of the world. The Centre for Indian Classical Dances is amongst the earliest cultural institutions established in Delhi as its founder, president. At the Centre, Indian traditions and values are instilled in students since 1977 through teaching and training in Indian dance, yoga, Sanskrit and music.  The Centre has showcased both young dancers and established artistes in its regularly held festivals. The Centre is also among the first to organise seminars to discuss topics on culture viz-a-viz society which are of relevance even today.Sonal, has mastered multiple Indian classical dance forms from different parts of India like Bharatanatyam, Odissi and Chhau, which makes her an unique dancer. Her concern for nagging issues of ecological imbalance, environmental protection, empowerment of women and social justice specially for weaker sections of society, have led to creation of numerous path-breaking choreographies.When: September 25   Where: Main Auditorium – India International Centre, Lodhi RoadTimings: 6:30 pmlast_img read more

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first_imgAt a time when the world is witnessing a boom in smartphone-assisted technologies helping healthcare providers, India cannot be lagging behind to give the “health for all” dream a much-needed boost, feel experts.Physicians the world over are increasingly using smartphone-compatible medical devices to gather crucial health data in an efficient way.These smartphone devices allow patient data to be automatically recorded, stored and transmitted securely. Everything from boosting cancer research to information on sexual preferences is now part of the smartphone revolution. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“India is ready for smartphone-assisted health aid. Lots of such apps are already being used here. It will help the needy keep track of their health on a daily basis,” said Dr Rommel Tickoo, senior consultant (internal medicine) from Max Healthcare in the capital.According to Dr Ashish Bachhav, head of department (cornea refractive) at Vision Sankara Eye hospital in Mumbai, “Although traditional methods are still the gold standard in diagnosis and treatment, smartphones-based apps can not only assist in finding nearest health care expert but also store the patients’ record in a better way”. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“India is ready for smartphone-assisted health aid in the field of neurosurgery and neurological disorders. It has a huge potential to transform neurohealthcare, especially for the rural and semi-urban population of our country,” said Dr Mohinish Bhatjiwale, director (neurosurgery minimally invasive brain and spine) at Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital in Mumbai.According to Dr Tickoo, apps can act as better screening tools. “The new-age gadgets and apps can help us know what is going wrong with our health so that we can seek medical advice,” he adds.The new-age technologies can act as an adjunct to the traditional methods and the smartphone-based apps can spread awareness about many ailments, experts sum up.last_img read more

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first_imgKolkata: The passenger count as well as the earning of Metro Railways have witnessed a significant rise in the first five months of the 2018-19 financial year.A spokesperson for Metro Railways has informed on Monday that the trains have carried 8.77 crore passengers from April to August this year against 8.54 crore in the corresponding period of the previous year, registering a rise of 2.71 percent.”Our earnings have also gone up to Rs 83.64 crore in the five months (April to August) from 8.54 crore in the corresponding period of the previous year. The increase in terms of percentage is 3.85,” the spokesperson added. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAccording to senior officials at the Metro railways, the increase on both the fronts is the result of continuous efforts on their part to enhance passenger amenities and security in the underground railways.The metro network currently consists of one operational line of 27.22 km from Noapara in the north to Kavi Subhash (Garia) in the south with more than 300 services daily.On an average, more than 6.5 lakh commuters avail the metro services in the city and the number of stations in the network is 24.A number of metro projects are on the pipelines and it is expected that by the end of 2021, a large part of the city and its suburbs will come under the network of the Metro services.Work is going on in full swing for Metro projects like Garia-Airport, Joka-BBD Bag and East-West Metro that will be connecting Salt Lake Sector V with Howrah Maidan.last_img read more

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first_imgKolkata: The Opposition Left Front and the Congress Wednesday staged a walkout from the Assembly after their demand for an adjournment motion over various issues was turned down by the Speaker. The Assembly witnessed unruly scenes as the Opposition MLAs came down to the well of the House after war of words erupted between them and the treasury benches. The Opposition had been demanding an adjournment motion over the issue of non formation of a panchayat board in Purulia despite the completion of rural poll process in May this year. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life The adjournment motion was rejected by the Speaker Biman Banerjee, following which the MLAs of the Left Front and Congress came down to the well of the House and shouted slogans against the government. The Speaker cautioned Congress Chief whip Manoj Chakraborty to mind his language. While speaking to reporters later on, Leader of Opposition Abdul Mannan of the Congress said the party was even ready to sweep the floor of the House clean but how can the ruling Trinamool Congress rid the scars it has put on the “face on parliamentary democracy” by trying to “scuttle” the voice of the opposition. State Parliamentary Affairs Minister Partha Chatterjee condemned the activities of the Opposition MLAs and said they are trying to malign the dignity of the House.last_img read more

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first_imgLegends of India, which aims to make an attempt to nurture Indian art forms and create awareness on Indian culture, is honoured to pay tribute to the  late Tabla maestro, Pt. Shankar Ghosh on the occasion of its 17th Annual Sangeet Mahotsav. To mark this event, an ‘All Drum Orchestra’ composed by the Pandit titled ‘Music of the Drums’ shall be playing the inaugural number. This festival  marks the 1st Memorial Concert dedicated to Shankar Ghosh.Pt. Shankar Ghosh was an exceptional teacher and a noted Indian tabla player belonging to Farukhabad Gharana. He was also an occasional Hindustani classical singer following the Patiala Gharana. He introduced the concept of tabla ensembles, employing various tablas playing the same pieces. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfRashid will be accompanied by Tanmoy Bose on tabla who has the charisma to mesmerise the audience with wonderful acoustics. Tanmoy’s ambition was achieved when Bharat Ratna Pandit Ravi Shankar,  asked to accompany him to perform on a regular basis around the world.For the Legends of India, 2016 has been an important year. As a Non-Profit Organisation, their key initiative was organising monthly music event and visual art training at Tihar Jail, New Delhi, which intended to augment the rehabilitation process of prison inmates through music appreciation and art training. Morning Ragas with the Sangeet Natak Akademi brought both vocal and instrumental renditions by legendary maestros and upcoming artistes under the same platform. Their recent association with Amar Ujala Gharana & Parampara shall enable them to reach to a wider audience across the country.   Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveMoreover, their continuous efforts in promoting Indian cultural traditions  has also been widely appreciated by the Government of India, who entrusted them to conceptualise and present a week-long festival on the occasion of 53rd Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference (CPA) and the 20th Conference of Speakers and Presiding Officers of the Commonwealth at New Delhi. This was a rare honour given ever to any organisation.The  organisation’s greatest achievement is the ‘Legends of India Lifetime Achievement Award’ presented each year to living legends for their valuable contribution in the field of music, theatre and fine arts. “The role of music and art goes beyond performance. It helps to break down walls, cross barriers, and initiate a gradual change in the mind-set of a younger generation that is getting estranged from their roots,” feels Founder Chairman, Dipayan Mazumdar. The event is to be held on  December 23  and is expected to be a treat for more than one reason. The event will feature ‘Music of the Drums’ followed by  the solo performance of the Tabla maestro Bikram Ghosh. ‘Rasikas’ in Delhi is privileged to have an opportunity to enjoy the exceptional expertise of Ustad Rashid Khan in the slow elaboration of Vilambit Khayals. Rashid’s mastery in tonal variations, dynamics besides his marvellous voice culture has the ability to enthral connoisseurs and laypersons alike.last_img read more

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first_imgKolkata: SSKM Hospital authorities have made some special arrangements for patients on the occasion of New Year.The patients who have been undergoing treatment at the ITU department of the hospital for a long time, did not get any opportunity to step out of the hospital room and soak in the spirit of New Year celebration. As the patients inside the hospital cannot feel the ambience outside, the hospital authorities have made some special arrangements inside the ITU. The ITU has been decorated with balloons, flowers and various other items. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe patients admitted at the ITU had celebrated Christmas in a similar fashion as well. On Monday night, when the whole world celebrated the New Year, the patients at the hospital were no exceptions. A senior official of the ITU said that the patients undergoing treatment at the ITU often suffer from depression. So, arrangements have been made to let them celebrate Christmas and New Year. “Around 30-40 percent patients undergoing treatment at the ITU can see and understand what is happening around them. Staying away from family members, the patients often become homesick. The ITU has been beautifully decorated so that the patients can feel at home. A cake was also cut inside the ITU, welcoming the New Year. The initiative was taken to make the patients feel a change from the monotonous daily life inside the hospital rooms,” a senior official of the hospital said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe official also said that the doctors and nursing staff members often bring food from their houses and share them with the patients, so that they feel at home. This gives enough mental boost to the patients who have become like family members of the hospital staff. The hospital authorities also thanked the family members of the patients, whose constant help made their initiative a success. The move will also strengthen the bond between the patients and doctors and nurses. The family members of the patients also appreciated the gesture by the hospital authorities. It may be mentioned here that the hospital authorities make special arrangements during various occasions throughout the year. During Durga Puja, special food items were supplied to all the departments by the hospital canteens.last_img read more

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first_imgDarjeeling: A couple died under mysterious circumstances in a hotel in Jalpaiguri. Their four-year-old daughter was found alive in the room.The dead bodies of 36-year-old Pradeep Basak and his wife Supriya (26) were recovered from the room. According to the staff, the Basak family had checked into the hotel on Friday. In the early hours of Saturday, the staff had heard the relentless cries of the four-year-old from the room. They repeatedly called out the names of the boarders but there was no response from inside except for the sound of the kid crying. After trying to break open the door which was latched from inside, the staff then informed the police. On forcing open the door, the police found Supriya hanging from the ceiling fan while the lifeless body of her husband lay on the bed. The daughter was found sitting on the bed and crying. The bodies were recovered and sent for post-mortem. Police sources stated that the Basak family hailed from Gokulnagar near Falakata in Alipurduar district. Prima facie, the police feel that Pradeep could have murdered his wife and hung the body following which he consumed poison (pesticide). “We are investigating the case. The post-mortem report will shed light into the matter,” stated a police officer.last_img read more

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first_imgA theater historian announced recently that he has identified the house in which William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet and several other plays. It stood in a prosperous area of east London. Geoffrey Marsh, the director of the Victoria and Albert Museum’s department of theatre and performance, “spent a decade meticulously researching the home of the English dramatist and poet by cross-referencing official records to pinpoint where exactly Shakespeare lived during the 1590s,” according to CNN.It has been widely accepted that Shakespeare lived close to what is now Liverpool Street station between 1597 and 1598. Marsh told the media that he had narrowed it down: the Bard lived at what is now known as 35 Great St. Helen’s, which is occupied by an office block.Shoreditch High Street in the Liverpool Street Station area of LondonMarsh told The Telegraph that he believes Shakespeare drew details for the characters in many of his plays from what he saw around him in this Elizabethan neighborhood.AdChoices广告inRead invented by Teads“He was living in one of the wealthiest parishes in the city, alongside powerful public figures, wealthy international merchants, society doctors and expert musicians. The merchants had connections across Europe and doctors were linked to the latest progressive thinking in universities in Italy and Germany. Mixing with these kinds of people had a profound effect on him,” he added.William ShakespeareMarsh told the press that his theory is Shakespeare lived next door to two doctors, Edward Jorden and Peter Turner, who are believed to have also lived in Germany and Italy. “Although it cannot be proven they certainly met and conversed, Mr Marsh thinks it is highly likely they would have met at church on Sundays,” according to the Metro. Historians’ confirmed biographical information on Shakespeare has gaps. They believe he was baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, 100 miles northwest of London, on April 26, 1564, but do not know his birthday.Related Video: 24 Ultimate Shakespeare Insults and PutdownsHe grew up and had a family in Stratford, but he worked in London, the pulsing center of English theater. While in Stratford, it’s assumed that Shakespeare attended grammar school. Its curriculum consisted of an intense emphasis on the Latin classics, including memorization, writing, and acting classic Latin plays. He was an actor, a playwright, and a partner in a leading acting company in London. One of the arguments against Shakespeare being the true author of some of the plays attributed to him is that skeptics say he did not know enough of the world beyond England.Romeo and Juliet by Ford Madox Brown, 1870, depicting the play’s famous balcony scene“Living in what was one of the power locales of London would have also enhanced Shakespeare’s status as he developed his career, sought a family coat of arms, and planned to buy an impressive and expensive house in Stratford,” Marsh told the BBC.According to Marsh, Shakespeare had lived in a property overlooking the churchyard of St. Helens as a tenant of the Company of Leathersellers, a guild that organized the Elizabethan leather trade.Theatre poster for Shakepeare’s ‘Romeo and Juliet’“While erratic spelling made it a challenge to decipher and interpret the documents, Marsh was able to analyze records that were ‘remarkably’ preserved, stretching back to the 1550s,” according to the BBC. Among the plays Shakespeare most likely wrote when he lived in this house were not only Romeo and Juliet but also A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice, and Richard II.Romeo and Juliet was first produced in 1597. It is accepted that Shakespeare used existing stories for the romantic tragedy’s plotline, as he did with other plays. The “real” Romeo and Juliet were, historians say, based on people who lived in Siena, Italy. In his writing of the play, Shakespeare moved it to Verona.Romeo & JulietRead another story from us: Archaeological Findings Suggest Shakespeare May Have Used Certain “Substances”The names of the warring families, the Montagues and the Capulets, were two real clans who lived in Verona. Similar names to Romeo and Juliet appeared in the poems and plays of others in the 16th century. “The Tragical Historye of Romeus and Juliet,” a poem, was written in 1562. William Painter crafted “The Goodly History of the True and Constant Love of Rhomeo and Julietta” years before William Shakespeare took on the story of the doomed lovers.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers set in the Tudor era for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th-century porcelain world. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.comlast_img read more

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